Immigration

Immigration

Immigration

We process immigration programs for clients who want to legitimately relocate to Canada. Our Canadian immigration program includes:

FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER This is for people who have work experience outside Canada and want to immigrate to Canada permanently. Three major requirements for this program are work experience, passing IELTS and a sound educational background at least a degree.

FEDERAL SKILLED TRADE This is for skilled workers who want to immigrate based on being qualified in a skilled trade like butchers and bakers, chefs and cooks, equipment operation and maintenance to mention a few. The major requirement is to have employment letter in Canada.

PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM If you have basic skill and experience to contribute to the economy of any of the ten provinces and the three territories in Canada and want to live as a permanent resident, you are qualified to apply for this program

CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS If you have lived in Canada for at least one year, studied, have a Canadian degree and a Canadian work experience, and want to reside permanently, you are qualified to apply for this program.

BUSINESS This is the application for high net worth individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada as a permanent resident and are willing to invest in the Canadian economy.

Business Visitors are business personnel who want to travel to establish business relationship in order to grow their already existing business outside of Canada.

FAMILY SPONSORSHIP If you are a permanent resident in Canada above 18 years, you can invite your relatives to come live, work or study in Canada.

Temporary Residence Visa

At Rankora Consulting International, we provide clients with counsel, guidance, representation, and processing for several categories of visas to Canada. Our visa consultants have extensive visa experience ensuring that they can advise you correctly and thereby increase your chances for a visa approval. Rankora Consulting’s biggest strength is its ability to get 98% of all its clients their visas first time round.

Some of the categories of visas that we specialize in are:

  • Visitor Visa: There are several reasons people tend to Visit Canada, among which is vacation, tourism, study, seeing a specialist (health purposes), to mention a few. For any of such reasons, we provide you with professional assistance in getting your visa within a short period of time.
  • Student Visa/Study Permit: study visa is issued to a student who has secured admission in a school in Canada. At this point, we assist you in applying for a student visa
  • Work Permits: Working in Canada requires you to have a work permit, we help you in applying for your visa. There are two types of work permit in Canada; employer specific work permit which allows you work for any employer in Canada.

 

1. Express Entry

Express Entry is a selection system for Canadian immigration, designed to select skilled workers for immigration to Canada.

Express Entry is a completely electronic process involving the federal government, provincial governments, and Canadian employers. In order to best serve your needs, please choose whether you are a potential candidate for Canadian immigration, or a Canadian employer interested in hiring skilled workers.

  1. Comprehensive Ranking
  2. CRS Calculator
  3. Improve your CRS Score
  4. Invitation to Apply
  5. Express Entry candidate

Express Entry: Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

 The Comprehensive Ranking System ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada through Express Entry under the following components:
  • core human capital factors;
  • skill transferability factors;and
  • additional factors relating to a provincial nomination, a qualifying offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability.

Candidates in the Express Entry pool can also take steps to improve their profile and increase their CRS score.

Comprehensive Ranking System Points Breakdown There is a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.For candidates without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:
  • a maximum of 500 points available for core human capital factors;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability).
For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:
  • a maximum of 460 points available for core human capital factors of the principal applicant;
  • a maximum of 40 points for the core human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partner;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability).
June 6, 2017, changes to the Comprehensive Ranking System include additional points awarded to candidates with French ability and to candidates with a sibling in Canada.French ability
  • 15 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate (equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark 7) or better French ability, and English language test results of CLB 4 or lower, or no English test results at all.
  • 30 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate or better French ability, and who also prove English language test result of CLB 5 or better.
Sibling in Canada
  • 15 additional points for candidates with a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of at least 18 years of age. These points may also be awarded if the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner has a sibling in Canada. The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship can be through blood, adoption, marriage, or common-law partnership.
Comprehensive Ranking System: Core Human Capital FactorsFor the purposes of this table, "PA" refers to the principal applicant and "spouse" refers to the spouse or common-law partner.

Age

Age (in years)With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 100)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 110)
under 180 points0 points
189099
1995105
20-29100110
3095105
319099
328594
338088
347583
357077
366572
376066
385561
395055
404550
413539
422528
431517
4456
45 or older00

Level of education

Level of educationWith an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 140 for PA, 10 for spouse)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 150)
Less than secondary (high) school credential0 points0 points
Secondary school credential28 for PA; 2 for spouse30
One-year post-secondary program84 for PA; 6 for spouse90
Two-year post-secondary program91 for PA; 7 for spouse98
Post-secondary program of 3 or more years112 for PA; 8 for spouse120
Two or more post-secondary programs, of which at least one was completed after a post-secondary program of three or more years119 for PA; 9 for spouse128
Master's or entry-to-practice professional degree126 for PA; 10 for spouse135
Doctoral Degree (PhD)140 for PA; 10 for spouse150

First Language Ability (English or French)

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 128 for PA; 20 for spouse)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 136)
For each language ability32 points for PA; 5 points for spouse34 points
CLB 3 or lower00
CLB 46 for PA; 0 for spouse6
CLB 56 for PA; 1 for spouse6
CLB 68 for PA; 1 for spouse9
CLB 716 for PA; 3 for spouse17
CLB 822 for PA; 3 for spouse23
CLB 929 for PA; 5 for spouse31
CLB 10 or higher32 for PA; 5 for spouse34
*Points in the chart above are for each language ability: speaking, writing, reading and listening, respectively.

Second Language Ability (English or French)

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 22)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 24)
For each language ability66
CLB 4 or lower00
CLB 5 or 611
CLB 7 or 833
CLB 9 or higher66
*Points in the chart above are for each language ability: speaking, writing, reading and listening, respectively.

Canadian Work Experience

Number of yearsWith an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 70 for PA; 10 for spouse)Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 80)
Less than 10 points0 points
1 year35 for PA; 5 for spouse40
2 years46 for PA; 7 for spouse53
3 years56 for PA; 8 for spouse64
4 years63 for PA; 9 for spouse72
5 years or more70 for PA; 10 for spouse80

Comprehensive Ranking System: Skill Transferability Factors

A maximum of 100 points are awarded for a candidate's skill transferability factors. There are five combinations of such skill transferability, with a maximum of 50 points awarded for each combination. Even if a candidate scores more than 100 points in total, only 100 points will be awarded under the Comprehensive Ranking System. Candidates with or without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner are awarded points for skill transferability in exactly the same way. There are no points available for the skill transferability of a candidate's spouse or common-law partner.For the purposes of this table, "CLB" refers to Canadian Language Benchmark.

Education and Canadian Work Experience

Education1 year of Canadian work experience2 or more years of Canadian work experience
No post-secondary education00
Post-secondary education of 1 year or longer1325
Two or more post-secondary credentials, the first of which was 3 or more years in duration2550
A university-level credential at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required2550
A university-level credential at the doctoral level2550

Education and Language Ability

EducationCLB 7 or higher on all language abilities, with at least one of these CLB 8CLB 9 or higher for all language abilities
No post-secondary education00
Post-secondary education of 1 year or longer1325
Two or more post-secondary credentials, the first of which was 3 or more years in duration2550
A university-level credential at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required2550
A university-level credential at the doctoral level2550

Language Ability and Non-Canadian Work Experience

Non-Canadian Work ExperienceCLB 7 or higher on all language abilities, with at least one of these CLB 8CLB 9 or higher for all language abilities
No non-Canadian work experience00
1 or 2 years of non-Canadian work experience1325
3 or more years of non-Canadian work experience2550

Canadian and non-Canadian Work Experience

Experience1 year of Canadian work experience2 or more years of Canadian work experience
No non-Canadian work experience00
1 or 2 years of non-Canadian work experience1325
3 or more years of non-Canadian work experience2550

Certificate of Qualification in a Trade and Language Ability

Certificate of QualificationCLB 5 or higher on all language abilities, with at least one CLB 5 or 6CLB 7 or higher on all language abilities
Certificate of qualification in a trade occupation issued by a province2550

Comprehensive Ranking System: Additional Points

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) nomination certificatePoints
For an enhanced nomination certificate from a Canadian province (except Quebec)600 points
Qualifying offer of arranged employmentPoints
For a qualifying job offer of arranged employment from a Canadian employer if the offer is in an occupation contained in Major Group 00 Senior Management Occupations200 points
For a qualifying job offer of arranged employment from a Canadian employer if the offer is any other qualifying offer of arranged employment50 points
Canadian study experiencePoints
If the candidate has an eligible credential from a one-year or two-year post-secondary program in Canada15 points
If the candidate has either:
  • an eligible credential from a post-secondary program of three years or more, or
  • an eligible credential from a university-level program at the master’s level or at the level of an entry-to-practice professional degree for an occupation listed in the National Occupational Classification matrix at Skill Level A for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required, or
  • an eligible credential from a university-level program at the doctoral level
30 points
French language abilityPoints
If the candidate proves adequate intermediate (equivalent to CLB 7) or better French ability, and English ability of CLB 4 or lower (or no English language test result)15 points
If the candidate proves adequate intermediate (equivalent to CLB 7) or better French ability, and English ability of CLB 5 or better30 points
Sibling in CanadaPoints
If the candidate, or the accompanying spouse/common-law partner, has a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of at least 18 years of age
  • The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship can be through blood, adoption, marriage, or common-law partnership
15 points
Points are only assigned for Canadian study experience if, for the purpose of obtaining the credential, the candidate:
  • studied in Canada at a Canadian educational institution;
  • was enrolled in full-time study or training for at least eight months; and
  • was physically present in Canada for at least eight months.
A maximum of 15 points may be awarded for a sibling in Canada, regardless of how many siblings the candidate (and his or her spouse/common-law partner, if applicable) has in Canada.The maximum available number of points for these additional factors for any one candidate is 600 points. Therefore, if a candidate has completed a Canadian post-secondary study program and obtains an enhanced nomination certificate from a Canadian province, he or she will be awarded 600 points for these additional factors (rather than 615 or 630 points).

CRS CALCULATOR

CRS Calculator (Comprehensive Ranking System) and Express Entry Eligibility Evaluator

About the Comprehensive Ranking System

The CRS ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada through Express Entry under the following components:
  • core human capital factors;
  • accompanying spouse or common-law factors;
  • skill transferability factors; and
  • factors relating to a provincial nomination, a qualifying offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability.
There are a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System. For candidates without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:
  • a maximum of 500 points available for core human capital factors;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors;
  • 600 points available for either a provincial nomination; or
  • up to 200 points available for a qualifying offer of arranged employment; and
  • up to 30 points for Canadian study experience.
  • up to 30 additional points for French language ability, combined with English language ability; and
  • a maximum of 15 points for a sibling in Canada.
For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:
  • a maximum of 460 points available for core human capital factors of the principal applicant;
  • a maximum of 40 points for the core human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partner;
  • 600 points available for either a provincial nomination; or
  • up to 200 points available for a qualifying offer of arranged employment; and
  • up to 30 points for Canadian study experience.
  • up to 30 additional points for French language ability, combined with English language ability; and
  • a maximum of 15 points for a sibling in Canada (one sibling of the principal applicant and the accompanying spouse/common-law partner is considered).

IMPROVE YOUR CRS SCORE

How to Improve Your CRS Score

Canada’s Express Entry system is dynamic, meaning a candidate’s Comprehensive Ranking System score isn’t fixed but may be improved if she or he is willing to put in the effort.There are two key ways that you can try to improve your CRS score:
  1. Perfect your profile.
  2. Proactively prepare for an ITA or provincial nomination

Perfecting your profile

Representing yourself accurately in your Express Entry profile is extremely important. Not only could it earn you extra Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points, but there are also serious penalties for misrepresenting yourself.The first thing to keep in mind is that the credentials required to enter the Express Entry pool are not necessarily the same as those that will maximize your CRS score.

Language

Language is an example of a valuable factor within the CRS and can be worth up to 290 CRS points.Language is also an area that can often be improved because the levels required to enter the Express Entry pool are significantly lower than the level that awards the maximum CRS points.For a Federal Skilled Worker candidate to enter the Express Entry pool, a minimum Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 7 is required in each language ability — reading, writing, speaking and listening.However, the highest language level for which points are awarded within the CRS is CLB 10.Language is also valuable because it counts for points in several sections of the CRS:
  • Within the human capital factors;
  • Within the skill-transferability “combinations”;
  • Within the additional factors.

Education

Education can count for up to 230 CRS points and may be improved by obtaining additional credentials, for example completing another degree, or by obtaining additional Educational Credential Assessments (ECAs) for existing degrees.An ECA is required in order to obtain CRS points for education obtained outside of Canada.For the Federal Skilled Worker Class candidates educated outside of Canada, only one ECA is required of the principal applicant in order to enter the pool.For candidates in the Federal Skilled Trades Class or the Canadian Experience Class, no ECA is required to enter the Express Entry pool.

Spouse or common-law partner might be a better Principal Applicant

If you have a spouse or common-law partner, it may be beneficial to compare your CRS scores as principal applicants.Sometimes a main applicant’s CRS score may, in fact, be lower than that of their accompanying partner. In such cases, it may be advisable for a spouse or common-law partner to be the principal applicant.Here’s an example of a situation where a spouse or common-law partner may actually be a better principal applicant.

Work Experience

Obtaining additional work experience or better documenting current work experience may both help increase a candidate’s CRS score.Some candidates who have a job title that seems unskilled may, in fact, have performed duties that are considered skilled under Canada’s National Occupation Classification, or NOC.Going beyond job title and measuring the duties you performed against the duties listed in the NOC’s different occupations can help determine if your work is considered skilled or unskilled. This, in turn, can result in points you might have otherwise not claimed.After selecting the right NOC for your work experience, the next step is calculating how much time you spent at each job. Points are awarded for full-time or equivalent part-time work experience.Federal Skilled Worker Class candidates must have at least one year of continuous, skilled work experience in order to enter the pool.Job offers Candidates with a valid job offer may obtain either 50 or 200 additional points towards their CRS score depending on the position.Candidates with a valid job offer in an occupation at the NOC 0, A or B level may earn 50 additional points towards their CRS score. Candidates with a valid job offers in an occupation under the Major Group 00 Senior Management Occupations classification may be awarded an additional 200 points under the CRS.

Proactive Preparation

Regardless of your CRS score, everyone in the Express Entry pool should be proactively preparing for an ITA or provincial nomination.You might only have a CRS score of 299, but a provincial nomination could suddenly increase your score by 600 points, making an ITA in the next Express Entry invitation round all but guaranteed.Candidates have only 60 days to submit their complete application after receiving an ITA, and several PNPs afford even less time. Having documents prepared in advance means you can hit the ground running as soon as you’re invited.Comprehensive Ranking System Points Breakdown There is a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.For candidates without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:
  • a maximum of 500 points available for core human capital factors;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability).
For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:
  • a maximum of 460 points available for core human capital factors of the principal applicant;
  • a maximum of 40 points for the core human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partner;
  • a maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors; and
  • 600 points available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability).
June 6, 2017, changes to the Comprehensive Ranking System include additional points awarded to candidates with French ability and to candidates with a sibling in Canada.French ability
  • 15 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate (equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark 7) or better French ability, and English language test results of CLB 4 or lower, or no English test results at all.
  • 30 additional points for French-speaking candidates who prove adequate intermediate or better French ability, and who also prove English language test result of CLB 5 or better.
Sibling in Canada
  • 15 additional points for candidates with a sibling in Canada who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of at least 18 years of age. These points may also be awarded if the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner has a sibling in Canada. The candidate or his or her spouse/common-law partner must share a mother and/or father with the sibling in Canada. This relationship can be through blood, adoption, marriage, or common-law partnership.
Comprehensive Ranking System: Core Human Capital FactorsFor the purposes of this table, "PA" refers to the principal applicant and "spouse" refers to the spouse or common-law partner

APPLICATION TO APPLY

Express Entry: Invitation To Apply For Permanent Residence.Express Entry candidates for Canadian immigration who receive an Invitation To Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residence have had their skills and potential to succeed recognized by the Government of Canada.Learn more about the ITA process in the following sections:

About the Invitation To Apply for Canadian permanent residence

An Invitation To Apply is offered to any candidate in the Express Entry pool who has been selected to apply for immigration to Canada by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) through the Express Entry immigration selection system. Invitations to Apply are issued on a priority basis when IRCC performs a draw from the Express Entry pool, which is made up of candidates who have made an expression of interest in immigrating to Canada.An Invitation To Apply should not be confused with initial eligibility to enter the Express Entry pool, nor should it be confused with a job offer from a Canadian employer or a provincial nomination certificate. The Invitation To Apply is an auto-generated letter issued to Express Entry candidates through their Express Entry profiles.How candidates may obtain an Invitation To ApplyOnly candidates eligible to immigrate to Canada by meeting the minimum entry criteria of a federal economic immigration program may enter the Express Entry pool, where they are ranked according to the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS ranks candidates under the following components: There are a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.The government of Canada issues Invitations to Apply to certain candidates in the Express Entry pool according to their ranking by publishing a minimum CRS cut-off score at the time of the draw and notifying those candidates who have been invited to apply for permanent residence.Documentation required to submit an e-applicationAll candidates who receive an Invitation To Apply are currently required to submit the following supporting documents along with their application, along with government processing fees:
  • Valid passport
  • Birth certificate
  • Language test results
  • Documentation attesting to work experience
  • Police clearance certificate(s)
  • Upfront medical receipt
  • Photographs of principal applicant and family members
Depending on the program under which a candidate was issued an Invitation To Apply and the information provided in his or her Express Entry profile, the following documentation may be required:
  • Canadian Education Credential OR Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
  • Letter of attestation
  • Official transcripts of post-secondary education study program courses taken
  • Secondary education documents
  • Original letter from a Canadian employer indicating an offer of arranged employment
  • Proof of family relationship(s) in Canada
  • Proof of settlement funds
  • Legal documents showing changes in name or date of birth
  • Marriage certificate(s)
  • Signed Statutory Declaration of Common-law Union and documents attesting to cohabitation for a period of at least 12 months
  • Divorce or annulment certificate(s)
  • Death certificate(s) for former spouse(s) or common-law partner(s)
  • Children’s birth certificates
  • Adoption papers
  • Proof of full custody for children
  • Travel documents (non-passport)
  • Certified copy of a certificate of qualification in a skilled trade occupation issued by a Canadian provincial/territorial authority
  • Copies of work contracts and/or pay stubs
  • Documents relating to income taxation

The 60-day deadline

Note: As of June 26, 2018, candidates have 60 days to apply after they receive an ITA, rather than 90 days, as was previously the case. IRCC says that candidates who have received an Invitation To Apply before June 26, 2018 will continue to have 90 days to submit a complete application.

It is important to note that from the date the ITA is issued there is a 60-day period in which to apply and submit all supporting documents. IRCC has indicated that no extensions will be granted.Because of this limited time period, candidates are encouraged to begin collecting these documents and ensuring they are in good order before an Invitation To Apply for Canadian permanent residence is issued. If a candidate misses the 60-day deadline, the Invitation To Apply for permanent residence that was issued to him or her is no longer valid and he or she will have to re-enter the Express Entry pool.MisrepresentationIf the information provided by the potential candidate turns out to be false, this is known as misrepresentation and, depending on the nature and severity of the false claim, carries penalties. The purpose of the misrepresentation provisions is to ensure that applicants provide complete, honest, and truthful information in every manner when applying for entry into Canada, and to ensure the integrity of Canadian immigration programs.A potential candidate who has been found to have provided false information going into the Express Entry pool can be banned from re-entering the pool for five years. Therefore, it is hugely important to provide accurate and correct information always.An applicant may be found inadmissible to Canada due to misrepresentation for directly or indirectly misrepresenting or withholding material facts relating to a relevant matter that induces or could induce an error in the processing of his or her application. The applicant is responsible for ensuring that the application is truthful and that the supporting documents are genuine, and he or she may be found to have misrepresented him or herself whether or not that misrepresentation was intentional.Examples of misrepresentation may include:
  • An applicant asks a relative or friend to obtain information in support of an application. The information provided by the applicant’s representative turns out to be false and the applicant claims to not be aware of the inaccuracy. Nevertheless, the applicant is responsible for ensuring that the application is truthful and the supporting documents are genuine. The applicant could therefore be inadmissible for misrepresentation due to having submitted false documents and/or information, even though he or she was not the one who fabricated evidence.
  • An individual states that he or she has never been convicted of a crime, but a criminal background check reveals a criminal record. This is direct misrepresentation.
The scope of misrepresentation is not limited to such cases. In cases of possible misrepresentation, the applicant may be given the opportunity to respond to concerns raised about his or her application.Accepting an Invitation To ApplyThe original profile information will remain for 60 days after the Invitation To Apply is issued. Candidates will have this length of time to submit a complete and accurate application along with all supporting documents. The submission of the complete application is considered the acceptance.Once all portions of the document checklist are uploaded and complete, applicants are given the option to submit an application. The option to submit is not available until after all fields are accounted for. An Acknowledgment of Receipt (AOR) will be automatically issued once the file is submitted. IRCC will review the application and determine whether or not it is both complete and eligible. IRCC aims to complete this process within six months of the applicant having submitted his or her application.

Expiration of an Invitation To Apply

If no application is made by that time, it will be deleted. Candidates who do not decline an Invitation To Apply and who do not apply within 60 days will see that the Invitation To Apply will expire. At this point, candidates who still wish to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry will have to complete and submit a new Express Entry profile and be accepted to the pool again in order to be considered in future rounds of invitations. To re-enter the pool, candidates will have to still meet the minimum criteria.Declining an Invitation To ApplyCandidates who decide to decline an Invitation To Apply will have their profiles placed back into the Express Entry pool to be considered in future rounds of invitations, as long as they still meet the minimum criteria of a federal economic immigration program.There is no guarantee that candidates will receive another Invitation To Apply at a later date. Declining an invitation, however, will not have a negative effect on whether or not candidates could be invited to apply at a later date.

The next steps

If you have already submitted your Express Entry profile and you have received an Invitation to Apply (ITA), we may be able to assist you in your Canadian immigration goals.Before we can assist, we would need more information about you and your credentials. Please fill out our assessment form and indicate, by answering the appropriate Express Entry questions, that you have submitted a profile and received an ITA.

EXPRESS ENTRY CANDIDATES

Express Entry: Candidates

 Express Entry, the new Canadian immigration selection system, strives to make the immigration process simpler and quicker for candidates.Express Entry is not an immigration program in itself, but rather a system used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to select candidates for immigration to Canada using the following economic immigration programs:

The Express Entry Process

Determine your eligibility

Candidates eligible to immigrate to Canada under a federal economic immigration program may enter the Express Entry pool. Consequently, the first step to be taken should be to determine your eligibility for one of these programs.If you are eligible, you can move on to the next step in the process.If you are not currently eligible, you may strive to become eligible by improving your core human capital factors in areas such as your skills, work experience, language ability, and education credentials. Becoming eligible for one of the federal economic immigration programs is the first step toward immigrating to Canada through Express Entry.

Complete an online Express Entry profile

Candidates for Canadian permanent residence who are eligible for one of the federal economic immigration programs make an expression of interest in immigrating to Canada by creating an online profile. They provide information about their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other personal information.Candidates who meet the criteria of one of the aforementioned federal economic immigration programs are placed in a pool of candidates who are ranked according to a Comprehensive Ranking System. If a candidate does not already have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer or a provincial nomination, he or she may register with Canada's Job Bank. As of June 6, 2017, registration in Canada’s Job Bank is no longer mandatory. However, registering in the Job Bank may improve a candidate’s visibility to Canadian employers.Improve your profile and rankingCandidates in the Express Entry pool are ranked according to the Comprehensive Ranking System, which ranks candidates under the following components: There is a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).The Government of Canada selects candidates from the Express Entry pool according to their ranking. Accordingly, it is in a candidate’s best interests to strive to improve his or her ranking in the Express Entry pool in order to maximize his or her chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence.Receive an Invitation to Apply and submit your application for permanent residenceThe government of Canada and provincial Governments, as well as Canadian employers, are able to select new immigrants from the Express Entry pool.The highest-ranked candidates (i.e. candidates considered to have the best chances for economic success in Canada), and those with valid job offers or provincial nominations, are then invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence. From this point, candidates have 90 days to submit an electronic application for permanent residence. IRCC aims to process applications within six months of the date of submission.Candidates must ensure that they complete all necessary forms and submit all supporting documents within this timeframe. On completion of the process, successful candidates and their dependents (spouse and children) will land in Canada as permanent residents.Candidates in the Express Entry pool who do not receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence in Canada after 12 months may resubmit their profile and re-enter the pool if they still meet the criteria of at least one of the economic immigration programs.How to prepare for Express Entry

2. Professional and Skilled Workers

Canada Skilled Worker Immigration

Foreign skilled workers and professionals are greatly needed in Canada.

One of the main goals of Canadian immigration is to welcome skilled newcomers who will contribute to Canada's growing economy. Skilled workers who settle in Canada on a permanent basis are especially valuable to Canada's economy and the strength of its workforce.

Successful applicants of the Skilled Worker Immigration programs will receive a Canadian Immigration (permanent resident) Visa, allowing the applicant to immigrate to Canada with his or her family.

As a skilled worker or professional, you have several options to consider. For example, you may be eligible to apply under Canada's Federal Skilled Worker Class or, if your intended destination is in Quebec, the Quebec Skilled Worker Program may be the pathway for you and your family, if applicable. Moreover, if you know in which province or territory you plan to reside, you may be able to submit an application through one of the Provincial Nominee Programs. Below, you will find a list of those programs for you to explore.

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program: This program is for individuals with certain work experience who intend to reside in any province or territory outside of the province of Quebec.
  • Quebec Skilled Worker: Applicants who plan to immigrate to the province of Quebec may be eligible to submit an application through this program.
  • Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs): Most provinces and territories have created their own skilled worker programs for those intending to live and work in their province or territory. These are fast-track Canadian immigration programs that allow candidates to receive a provincial nomination certificate. In most cases, a nomination certificate will allow candidates to immigrate more quickly than through other Canadian immigration programs.

Many Canadian employers are actively seeking foreign skilled workers to join their workforce as quickly as possible. If you can obtain a job offer from a Canadian employer, you may also qualify for fast-track Canadian immigration application processing.

  1. Federal Skilled
  2. Quebec Skilled Worker
  3. Quebec Immigration- Expression of Interest System
  4. Federal Skilled Trades

FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER

Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

The Federal Skilled Worker Program is Canada's primary economic immigration pathway and gives skilled workers, and their loved ones, the opportunity to become permanent residents in Canada. The first step in pursuing permanent residence in Canada as a Federal Skilled Worker is to make an expression of interest in immigrating to Canada by creating an online Express Entry profile.Based on the information provided in their profile, Federal Skilled Worker candidates obtain a score under Express Entry's Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) that determines their ranking in the pool of eligible candidates.

Periodically, the Government of Canada issues Invitations To Apply (ITAs) to the highest-ranked candidates in the Express Entry pool and publishes the CRS cut-off score. CRS scores are not fixed and candidates may take steps to improve their ranking while in the pool.

Minimum Eligibility Criteria Foreign nationals may begin the process of immigration under the Federal Skilled Worker Program by determining whether or not they meet the minimum requirements of the program. The minimum requirements are: IRCC determines candidates' eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program based on its unique points grid. However, only the highest-ranked candidates in the Express Entry pool are issued invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residence.Candidate profiles in the Express Entry pool, which also includes Federal Skilled Trades and Canadian Experience Class candidates, are ranked based on the CRS.In order to be eligible to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program, potential candidates must meet the minimum requirements for work, language ability, education and obtain at least 67 points under the program's 100-point gridThe program's selection factors grid assesses candidates based on factors that include age, education, work experience, arranged employment, language ability and adaptability.

Selection Factors

The Federal Skilled Worker selection factors are listed below. Click on each factor to learn more: 
FactorsPoints
EducationUp to 25 points
Language SkillsUp to 28 points
Work ExperienceUp to 15 points
AgeUp to 12 points
Arranged EmploymentUp to 10 points
AdaptabilityUp to 10 points

Settlement Funds

If invited to apply, Federal Skilled Workers will need to prove they can become economically established in Canada with their dependent family members. The settlement funds requirement is waived for foreign nationals who are currently authorized to work in Canada and/ or those who have arranged employment in Canada.

Medical Examinations and Admissibility

IRCC encourages Federal Skilled Worker candidates and their dependents to complete their medical examinations as soon as an ITA is issued. Medical exam results must be valid at the time of applying for permanent residence and when arriving in Canada. Applicants must also obtain security clearances as part of the Canadian immigration application process to prove that they are admissible to Canada.

QUEBEC SKILLED WORKER

Quebec Immigration - Skilled Worker Program

The Quebec immigration selection system for Quebec Skilled Workers is designed to identify immigration candidates who are most likely to become economically established in the province.

Skilled Worker applicants who intend to reside in Montreal or in another city or region within the province of Quebec are assessed under a different system than applicants who wish to settle elsewhere in Canada.Skilled Workers or international graduates in Quebec may apply to immigrate to Quebec under what the Government of Quebec calls its 'Regular Skilled Worker Program', also known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP), or the Quebec Experience Program — PEQ.

Quebec's Expression of Interest System and the Arrima portal

Quebec's introduced an Expression of Interest System in 2018 as part of the province's efforts to streamline the processing of QSWP applications. Under this system, individuals interested in immigrating to the province through the Quebec Skilled Worker Program must first create an Expression of Interest profile using the province's Arrima portal.

The Arrima portal

Creating an Expression of Interest profile in the online Arrima portal is free and available to anyone 18 years of age or older. The Arrima portal is available year-round and an Expression of Interest profile can be submitted at any time.

Mon Projet Québec

Candidates invited to apply for immigration to Quebec through the QSWP must use the secure Mon projet Québec portal in order to submit an application. Mon projet Québec allows candidates to complete their application for a CSQ, make their payment online, follow the status of their application, make changes to their application, and access personal electronic messaging throughout the process.

Quebec Skilled Worker Program Eligibility

Applicants who are successful under the Quebec Skilled Worker Program are issued a Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ) and can then apply to the Government of Canada for permanent residence. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will conduct a medical and criminal background check as part of its approval process.In order to qualify for a CSQ, you must score enough points under the Quebec Immigration selection factors described below. A single (unmarried) applicant must score at least 50 points based on this system, while an applicant with a spouse or common-law partner must score at least 59 points.

Selection Factors

The Quebec Immigration selection factors may be summarized as follows:
FactorsPoints
EducationUp to 14 points (Cutoff Score = 2 points)
Area Of TrainingUp to 12 points
Validated Employment OfferUp to 14 points
Work ExperienceUp to 8 points
AgeUp to 16 points
Language ProficiencyUp to 22 points
Stay And Family In QuebecUp to 8 points
Spouse/Common-law partner CharacteristicsUp to 17 points
Presence Of Accompanying ChildrenUp to 8 points
Financial Self-Sufficiency1 point
Many of the documents required in order to apply for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program must be certified true copiesLanguage test results must be submitted along with immigration applications to be awarded points for language proficiency.

Processing Times

Processing Times for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program vary from one Canadian Immigration Visa Office to another.

Quebec Experience Program (PEQ)

The Quebec Experience Program, or Programme de l’expérience Québécoise, or PEQ) is another Quebec immigration pathway available to eligible international graduates with a Quebec diploma and individuals with at least 12 months skilled work experience in the past 24 months. Applicants to the PEQ are required to have an advanced intermediate knowledge of spoken French.

QUEBEC IMMIGRATION-EXPRESSION OF INTEREST SYSTEM

Quebec Immigration - Expression of Interest System

 Foreign nationals interested in immigrating to Quebec under the popular Quebec Skilled Worker Program must begin the process by submitting an expression of interest to the program through the province's online portal, Arrima. The process of applying for immigration under the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP), or what the Government of Quebec calls the Regular Skilled Worker Program, is a five-step process:
  1. Completion of an Expression of Interest profile through the Arrima Portal and entry into the QSWP's Expression of Interest bank of candidates.
  2. Quebec's Immigration Ministry reviews expressions of interest and issues invitations to apply. Invitations may reflect labour market needs in various regions of Quebec.
  3. Submission of a complete application for a Quebec Selection Certificate (Certificat de sélection du Québec, or CSQ)  under the Quebec Skilled Worker Program.
  4. Applications are reviewed and assessed based on employability and selection factors and approved candidates are issued a CSQ.
  5. Application for Canadian permanent residence with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
How candidates will be invited to apply for a CSQAny foreign national 18 or older may submit an expression of interest to the province using the Arrima Portal.Candidates will be ranked against the competition in the QSWP's Expression of Interest Bank using a ranking system that has yet to be detailed. MIDI says invitations to apply for a CSQ will be issued to “those who meet certain criteria, focusing mainly on labour market needs in the different regions of Quebec.”Candidates invited to apply for a CSQ under the Quebec Skilled Worker Program will have to meet the passing scores required for the program based on the QSWP Points Grid.Quebec Skilled Worker candidates who meet the initial requirements for education and financial self-sufficiency must then meet the required cut-off score of 43 points for Employability factors.If a candidate has a spouse, his or her education and training, work experience and language proficiency will be considered towards a candidate's overall cut-off score. The Employability cut-off score for candidates with a spouse or common-law partner is 52.Candidates invited to apply for a CSQ under the Quebec Skilled Worker Program will also be required to meet the minimum threshold for Selection factors, which is a passing score of 50 points (and 59 with a spouse or common-law partner). Selection factors take into consideration all Employability factors, the presence of accompanying children and the ability to demonstrate financial self-sufficiency.Calculate your Quebec Skilled Worker immigration passing score Even though the Government of Quebec has not specified the exact criteria that will be used to rank candidates in the Expression of Interest Bank, it has announced how points will be assigned for obtaining a CSQ once a candidate is invited to apply.

FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES

Canada Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)

The Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) is a Canadian permanent residence pathway for foreign nationals with experience in a skilled trade.Foreign nationals looking to immigrate to Canada under the Federal Skilled Trades Program must first make an expression of interest through the federal Express Entry selection system.The FSTC allows individuals with a valid job offer or a certificate of qualification to obtain permanent residence in any Canadian province or territory other than Quebec.

Eligibility Criteria for the Federal Skilled Trades Class

In order to qualify for a Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa, Federal Skilled Trades applicants must:
  • have valid job offers of continuous, paid, full-time employment (at least 30 hours a week) from up to two employers in Canada for at least one year OR a certificate of qualification* from a provincial or territorial body;
  • provide proof of basic language proficiency from a designated language testing organization, demonstrating that the applicant meets the minimum threshold set by the Minister — Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, CLB 4 for reading and writing;
  • have obtained 2 years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work) in the skilled trade in the five years before applying; and
  • be able to demonstrate the skills and experience and that they have performed the essential duties of the occupation.
*A certificate of qualification proves that a foreign national is qualified to work in a skilled trade occupation in Canada. With a certificate of qualification, applicants prove they have passed a certification exam or met all the requirements to practice their trade in a specific province or territory.Skilled work experience eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades Class falls under the following categories of the National Occupational Classification (NOC):
  • Major Group 72: industrial, electrical and construction trades,
  • Major Group 73: maintenance and equipment operation trades,
  • Major Group 82: supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production,
  • Major Group 92: processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators,
  • Minor Group 632: chefs and cooks, and
  • Minor Group 633: butchers and bakers.
FSTC candidates must plan to reside outside the province of Quebec. The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers through a unique immigration system. If you plan on immigrating to Quebec, please visit the Quebec Skilled Worker Program page for more information.

Federal Skilled Trades Class and Express Entry

The FSTC is one of three federal economic programs managed by the Government of Canada's Express Entry system. This means that in order to begin the process of immigrating to Canada as a tradesperson, you must first create an online Express Entry profile and obtain a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. The CRS determines your ranking in the Express Entry pool based on factors like skills, work experience, language ability, education and others.FSTC candidates may have lower CRS scores than other candidates in the Express Entry pool because they are not required to prove their level of education.

3. Provincial Nominee

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Provincial nomination offers a valuable route to Canadian permanent residence.

The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) allow Canadian provinces and territories to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and who are interested in settling in a particular province.

Each Canadian province and territory (except Nunavut and Quebec) has its own unique Provincial Nominee Program. Each PNP has at least one immigration stream that is aligned with the federal Express Entry immigration selection system.

Provincial nominations issued under these Express Entry-aligned streams are known as 'enhanced nominations' and award Express Entry candidates an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points.

Applying for Canadian Permanent Residence with a Provincial Nomination

Provincial Nominee Programs across Canada are actively seeking and retaining eligible foreign nationals by making the process of applying for Canadian permanent residence more accessible.

Whether a provincial nomination certificate is issued via Express Entry or outside the selection system, a nominee is still required to submit a separate application for Permanent Resident (PR) status to IRCC. Find out how long it may take a Canadian immigration application to process using our Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool.

The Northern Canada territory of Nunavut does not currently have a PNP and Quebec does not participate in the federal government's PNP. Instead, the Governments of Quebec and Canada have entered into a series of agreements which enables the province of Quebec to establish its own selection criteria for economic immigration.

  1. Canada PNF Finder
  2. Alberta
  3. British Columbia
  4. New Brunswick
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador
  6. Northwest Territories
  7. Nova Scotia
  8. Ontario
  9. Prince Edward Island
  10. Saskatchewan

CANADA PNF FINDER

Canada PNP Finder: Explore your provincial immigration pathways to Canada

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) allow Canada’s provinces and territories to nominate candidates for immigration.

Most provinces and territories in Canada have a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) that allows them to nominate candidates for Canadian immigration who can contribute to their economic development. In order to be nominated by a province or territory, potential immigrants must demonstrate that they have the skills, education, and work experience required to meet the labour market needs of the destination province. A provincial nomination is one of Canada’s key immigration options.PNPs offer tailored pathways to Canadian permanent resident status for students, skilled or semi-skilled workers, entrepreneurs and business owners, among others.A nomination awarded under an Express Entry-linked PNP, known as an "enhanced nomination," awards 600 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

Which PNPs are currently open and issuing invitations?

ProvinceCategory/StreamProgram StatusExpress-Entry LinkedJob Required
Alberta Express Entry PassiveYesNo
AlbertaAlberta OpportunityAccepting applicationsNoYes
AlbertaSelf-Employed FarmerAccepting applicationsNo 
British ColumbiaExpress Entry BC: Skilled WorkerAccepting EOIsYesYes
British ColumbiaExpress Entry BC: Healthcare ProfessionalAccepting applicationsYesYes
British ColumbiaExpress Entry BC: International GraduateAccepting EOIsYesYes
British ColumbiaExpress Entry BC: International Post-GraduateAccepting applicationsYes No 
British ColumbiaSkills Immigration: Skilled WorkerAccepting EOIs No Yes
British ColumbiaSkills Immigration: Healthcare ProfessionalAccepting applications No Yes
British ColumbiaSkills Immigration: International GraduateAccepting EOIsNoYes
British ColumbiaSkills Immigration: Entry-level and Semi-skilledAccepting EOIsNoYes
British ColumbiaSkills Immigration: International Post-GraduateAccepting applications NoNo
British ColumbiaEntrepreneurAccepting EOIsNoNo
British ColumbiaEntrepreneur Immigration — Regional PilotOpenNoNo
ManitobaIES: International Student Entrepreneur PilotAccepting EOIs No  No 
ManitobaInternational Education Stream (IES): Graduate Internship PathwayAccepting EOIsNoYes 
ManitobaSkilled Worker OverseasAccepting EOIs No  No 
ManitobaSkilled Worker Overseas - Express EntryAccepting EOIsYes No 
ManitobaSkilled Worker Overseas - Human CapitalSet to open sometime in 2019.NoNo
ManitobaSkilled Worker in ManitobaAccepting EOIsNoYes
ManitobaSkilled Worker in Manitoba - Employer Direct RecruitmentSet to open sometime in 2019.NoYes
ManitobaSkilled Worker in Manitoba - Manitoba Work ExperienceSet to open sometime in 2019.NoYes
ManitobaBusiness Investor: EntrepreneurAccepting applicationsNo No 
Manitoba Business Investor: Farm InvestorAccepting applicationsNoNo
ManitobaIES: Career Employment PathwayAccepting EOIsNo Yes
ManitobaMorden Community-Driven InitiativeAccepting applicationsNo No 
New BrunswickExpress Entry Labour MarketAccepting EOIsYesNo
New BrunswickSkilled Worker with Employer SupportAccepting applicationsNo Yes 
New BrunswickEntrepreneurial StreamPausedNoNo
New BrunswickPost-Graduate EntrepreneurAccepting EOIs No No
Newfoundland and LabradorExpress Entry Skilled WorkerAccepting applicationsYesYes
Newfoundland and Labrador Skilled Worker Accepting applicationsNoYes
Newfoundland and LabradorInternational Graduate Accepting applications NoYes
Newfoundland and LabradorInternational Graduate EntrepreneurSet to open in the near future.NoNo
Newfoundland and LabradorInternational EntrepreneurSet to open in the near future.NoNo
Northwest TerritoriesExpress EntryAccepting applicationsYesYes
Northwest TerritoriesSkilled WorkersAccepting applicationsNoYes
Northwest TerritoriesCritical Impact WorkerAccepting applicationsNoYes
Northwest Territories Entrepreneur Business Accepting applications No No
Nova ScotiaDemand: Express Entry — Category AAccepting applicationsYesYes
Nova ScotiaDemand: Express Entry — Category BPaused Yes No
Nova ScotiaExperience: Express EntryAccepting applicationsYesNo
Nova ScotiaLabour Market PrioritiesPassiveYes No
Nova ScotiaSkilled Worker Stream - Skilled WorkersAccepting applicationsNoYes
Nova ScotiaSkilled Worker Stream - Semi-Skilled & Low-SkilledAccepting applicationsNoYes
Nova ScotiaEntrepreneurAccepting EOIsNoNo
Nova ScotiaInternational Graduate EntrepreneurAccepting EOIsNoNo
Nova ScotiaPhysicianAccepting applicationsNoYes
OntarioHuman Capital Priorities - FSW candidatesPassiveYes No 
OntarioHuman Capital Priorities - CEC candidatesPassiveYes No  
OntarioSkilled TradesPassiveYes No
OntarioFrench-Speaking Skilled Worker - FSW candidatesPassiveYes No
OntarioFrench-Speaking Skilled Worker - CEC candidatesPassiveYes No
OntarioEmployer Job Offer - Foreign WorkersIntake pausedNoYes
OntarioEmployer Job Offer - In-Demand SkillsAccepting applicationsNoYes
OntarioEmployer Job Offer - International StudentsIntake pausedNoYes
OntarioMasters GraduateIntake pausedNo No
OntarioPhD GraduateAccepting applicationsNo No
OntarioEntrepreneurAccepting EOIsNo No
Prince Edward IslandExpress EntryAccepting EOIsYes No
Prince Edward Island Labour Impact - Skilled WorkerAccepting EOIsNoYes
Prince Edward IslandLabour Impact - Critical WorkerAccepting EOIsNoYes
Prince Edward IslandLabour Impact - International GraduateAccepting EOIsNoYes
Prince Edward IslandBusiness Impact - Work PermitAccepting EOIsNo No
Prince Edward IslandBusiness Impact - 100% OwnershipTerminatedNo No
Prince Edward IslandBusiness Impact - Partial OwnershipTerminatedNo No
QuebecQuebec Skilled Worker ProgramAccepting EOIsNo No
QuebecQuebec Experience Program (PEQ) - Temporary Foreign WorkersAccepting applicationsNo No
Quebec Quebec Experience Program (PEQ) - International Student Paused until Nov. 1, 2019No No
QuebecEntrepreneur ProgramNew intake period started August 15, 2018. Accepting 25 new applications under Component One and 35 for Component Two of the program.No No
QuebecSelf-Employed Worker ProgramNew intake period started August 15. Accepting 50 new applications for this program.NoNo
QuebecInvestor ProgramNew intake started September 10, 2018. Accepting 1,900 new applications for this program.NoNo
SaskatchewanInternational Skilled Worker (ISW): Express EntryAccepting EOIsYesNo
Saskatchewan Accepting EOIsNoNo
Saskatchewan ISW: Employment OfferAccepting applicationsNoYes
SaskatchewanSaskatchewan Experience: Existing Work PermitAccepting applicationsNoYes
Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Experience: Health Professionals/Hospitality Sector Project, Long Haul Truck Driver ProjectAccepting applicationsNoYes
SaskatchewanSaskatchewan Experience: StudentsAccepting applicationsNoYes
SaskatchewanEntrepreneurAccepting EOIsNoNo
SaskatchewanFarm Owners and OperatorsAccepting applicationsNoNo
YukonExpress EntryAccepting applicationsNoNo
YukonSkilled WorkerAccepting applications No Yes
Yukon Accepting applications No Yes
Yukon Accepting applications No No

ALBERTA

Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)

Alberta is a prosperous province rich in natural beauty and resources.

Located in Western Canada, Alberta has one of Canada's fastest growing economies. The province is home to two of Canada's largest cities, Calgary and Edmonton, and is the most populous of the country's three 'Prairie provinces'. It is also renowned as one of the most beautiful parts of North America, with famous national parks, such as Banff and Jasper.The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) is Alberta's Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the right mix of skills and work experience needed by the province may receive an Alberta Provincial Nomination Certificate.The AINP consists of the following immigration streams: NOTE: The Strategic Recruitment Stream and Employer-Driven Stream were terminated on June 14, 2018.

Alberta Opportunity Stream

This stream allows individuals who meet the stream's minimum eligibility requirements and are working in Alberta in an eligible occupation to apply for an AINP provincial nomination.Learn more about the eligibility requirements for the AINP Alberta Opportunity Stream.The AINP will introduce further changes to the Alberta Opportunity Stream between 2019 and 2021.

Alberta Express Entry Stream

This stream allows the Government of Alberta to nominate eligible candidates from Canada's Express Entry system. A successful nomination under this stream results in 600 additional Comprehensive Ranking System points.

Self-Employed Farmer Stream

This stream allows individuals with farming experience and personal funds to purchase and develop a farm in Alberta to apply for permanent residence. Successful applicants are farm owners/operators who plan to live in Alberta in order to purchase and manage their farming business.

The following streams are now terminated. They were replaced by the Alberta Opportunity Stream on June 14, 2018.

Strategic Recruitment Stream

This stream was available to individuals to apply to the AINP without employer support. It consisted of three different categories:
  • Compulsory and Optional Trades Category – Tradespersons who hold either an Alberta Qualification Certificate or a Recognized Trade Certificate may be eligible under this category. Individuals must be residing in Alberta on a valid work permit at the time of application and work in a compulsory or optional trade.
  • Engineering Occupations Category – This category was designed for engineers, designers and drafters with Alberta work experience. Applicants must work in one of the designated occupations.
  • Post Graduate Worker Category – Individuals who have graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution in Alberta, and who are currently working in Alberta in an eligible occupation on a Post-Graduation Work Permit, may be eligible for this program.

Employer-Driven Stream

This stream was available for employers to nominate workers to the AINP for Canadian immigration. This stream consisted of three sub-categories:
  • Skilled Worker Category – For individuals with a permanent, full-time job offer in an eligible skilled occupation. Individuals were not required to be working in Alberta at the time of application.
  • International Graduate Category – For individuals who have graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution in Canada, hold a valid Post-Graduation Work Permit, and have received a permanent, full-time job offer from an Alberta employer.
  • Semi-Skilled Worker Category – For temporary foreign workers who have received a permanent, full-time job offer from an Alberta employer in an eligible semi-skilled occupation.

BRITISH COLUMBIA

British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)

British Columbia, Canada’s westernmost province, is a hub of cultural diversity and economic growth.

Home to the country’s third-largest city, Vancouver, British Columbia is also one of the most diverse provinces in all of Canada. British Columbia’s economy focuses on a strong natural resources sector, with an emphasis on forestry and mining. Its natural environment, with expansive forests and a unique coastal climate, is renowned as one of the most beautiful in Canada, and indeed the world.The BC PNP is British Columbia’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a British Columbia Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will allow that foreign national to apply for Canadian permanent residence.The BC PNP accepts applications under two main immigration streams: These streams are further divided into categories. Below we provide you with additional information about each to help you determine if the BC PNP is right for you.

Skills Immigration

BC PNP Skills Immigration is divided into the following categories:
  • Skilled Worker Category — This category is for individuals who have received an eligible job offer in a skilled occupation. Workers are expected to have several years of experience in their skilled occupation.
  • Healthcare Professional Category — Under this category individuals with experience and eligible job offers, as physicians, nurses, psychiatric nurses or allied health professionals may apply. An eligible job offer must be acquired for one of 11 qualifying health occupations.
  • International Graduate Category — This category is for individuals who have graduated from an eligible Canadian university or college in the last three years. A job offer must be obtained from a BC employer to be eligible under this sub-category.
  • International Post-Graduate Category— This category is for graduates with Masters or Doctoral degrees from an eligible educational institution in British Columbia in the natural, applied, or health sciences programs of study. No job offer is required to apply under this sub-category.
  • Entry Level and Semi-Skilled Worker Category — Workers in certain entry-level or semi-skilled positions in tourism/hospitality, food processing, or long-haul trucking, or those in entry-level or semi-skilled positions living and working in the Northeast Development Region of British Columbia, may be eligible for immigration through this program.

Express Entry British Columbia

Express Entry BC aligns with the federal government’s Express Entry immigration selection system, allowing eligible applicants to receive priority processing of both their BC PNP application and if nominated, their permanent residence application.The following Skills Immigration categories may be processed through Express Entry British Columbia:
  • Skilled Worker Category
  • Health Care Professional Category
  • International Graduate Category
  • International Post-Graduate Category

Skills Immigration Registration System (SIRS)

On January 27, 2016, the government of British Columbia announced a new Skills Immigration Registration System (SIRS) for the BC PNP. This points-based system gives candidates a registration score that determines whether they may be invited to apply. The score is based on a number of factors — such as level of education, years of direct work experience and a B.C. employment offer — that reflect an individual’s ability to succeed in the labour market and contribute to the provincial economy.

Entrepreneur Immigration

Individuals who intend to settle and invest in British Columbia may be eligible for Canadian permanent residence under this immigration stream. This program is broken down into two categories:
  • Entrepreneur Immigration Category — This category is for senior managers or business owners who intend to invest funds into a proposed business in British Columbia.
  • Entrepreneur Immigration — Regional Pilot — This new pilot is for international entrepreneurs looking to establish a new business in a small community in British Columbia.
  • Strategic Projects Category — Through this category, foreign-controlled companies can set up an operation in British Columbia. Up to five key foreign managerial, professional or technical staff members can be nominated for permanent residence in the province.

MANITOBA

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)

Located between the provinces of Ontario and Saskatchewan, the province of Manitoba is in many ways the gateway to western Canada.

With an economy based largely on natural resources and agriculture, the province of Manitoba is a major driver of Canada’s wealth. Manitoba’s population of approximately 1.2 million is located largely in and around the capital city of Winnipeg. Manitobans benefit from tight-knit communities, a stable labour market, and sweeping natural wilderness.The MPNP is Manitoba’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Manitoba Provincial Nomination Certificate.The following are streams that are currently active and/or ones that are being restructured as part of the MPNP renewal process:

Skilled Worker

The Skilled Worker categories operate through an 'Expression of Interest' system, whereby eligible candidates complete a series of questions online and are not required to upload supporting documentation before submitting their profile into the EOI pool. Profiles will be placed in the pool with other eligible candidates and you will receive a score based on the answers you provide. The MPNP will then rank you using several factors and if you are among the highest-scoring candidates, you may be invited to submit an application to the MPNP. There are no limits on the number of candidates who can submit an Expression of Interest and no deadline.There are currently two streams to Manitoba as a skilled worker, both of which operate under the MPNP Expression of Interest System. As part of the MPNP renewal, the Skilled Worker Immigration Streams will consist of four pathways as explained below.

Skilled Worker in Manitoba

Applications are accepted from qualified temporary foreign workers and international student graduates who are currently working in Manitoba and have been offered a permanent, full-time job with their Manitoba employer. Unlike the other connections to Manitoba in the MPNP, Skilled Worker in Manitoba are not subject to a points-based assessment to determine their eligibility. As part of the MPNP renewal, the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream will consist of two pathways: Manitoba Work Experience and Employer Direct Recruitment. These pathways are set to come into effect in February 2019.Manitoba Work Experience PathwayThis pathway will be open to applicants currently working in Manitoba with temporary work permits, including temporary workers and international graduates of Canadian post-secondary institutions.Employer Direct Recruitment PathwayThis pathway will be open to applicants interviewed by Manitoba employers outside of Canada by the MPNP and an eligible employer and received an Invitation to Apply for provincial nomination from the MPNP.

Skilled Worker Overseas

The Manitoba Skilled Worker Overseas Stream uses a points-based system to assess candidates, who may be outside of Canada. Applications are accepted from qualified skilled workers who can demonstrate a strong connection to the province through family or friends (Manitoba Support), past education or employment (Manitoba Experience), or by invitation of the MPNP (Manitoba Invitation), and who score a minimum of 60 points according to five eligibility factors: age, language proficiency, work experience, education and adaptability.Manitoba Express Entry Pathway (currently operating as the Skilled Worker Overseas - Express Entry Sub-Stream)This pathway is open to Express Entry candidates who are also eligible under another MPNP stream and who meet  Express Entry requirements and have an active Express Entry profile. Candidates will be expected to demonstrate experience in an occupation listed in Manitoba’s In-demand Occupations list and have strong family connection to Manitoba. Learn about the eligibility requirements of the Manitoba Express Entry Pathway.Human Capital PathwayThis pathway will be open to foreign skilled workers with experience in Manitoba’s In-demand Occupations, and who demonstrate the ability to potentially establish themselves by building strong labour market connections to those occupations. Learn about the eligibility requirements of the Human Capital Pathway.

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program Renewal schedule

Renewal details Date 
MPNP Introduced In-Demand Occupations List used to prioritize Expressions of Interest for inviting applications from the Skilled Worker Overseas streamNovember 2017
Manitoba “PNP-B” business immigration stream replaced by new Business Investor StreamNovember 2017
New Skilled Worker Overseas Stream – Manitoba Express Entry Pathway criteria in effectJanuary 2018
Skilled Worker Overseas Stream – Manitoba Express Entry Pathway EOI drawJanuary 2018
Renewed Business Investor Stream (BIS) criteria in effectMay 2018
New International Education Stream (IES): Graduate Internship Pathway criteria in effectNovember 1, 2018
New IES: Student Entrepreneur Pathway criteria in effectNovember 1, 2018
New IES: Career Employment Pathway criteria in effectNovember 30, 2018
Renewed Skilled Worker Overseas Stream criteria in effectFebruary 2019*
Renewed Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream criteria in effectFebruary 2019*
* Dates are subject to change based on updates to the MPNP Online application system

Business Investor Stream (formerly MPNP-B)

Individuals who wish to do business in Manitoba can do so through this stream. This process operates on an 'Expression of Interest' system, whereby prospective applicants submit their intention to apply to the program, and the most qualified are invited to apply for immigration.Farm Investor Pathway (formerly Farm Strategic Recruitment Initiative)The Farm Investor Pathway is part of Manitoba’s Business Investor Stream and it allows individuals with farm business experience and sufficient capital to immigrate in order to establish and operate a farm in the province.Entrepreneur PathwayThe Entrepreneur Pathway replaces the previous MPNP-B stream. It allows the province to recruit and nominate eligible foreign business owners who have the intent and ability to move to Manitoba tp establish, purchase a business or co-own an existing business in the first two years of arriving in Manitoba on a temporary work permit.

Morden Community Driven Immigration Initiative

One particular initiative for immigration to Manitoba is the Morden Community Driven Immigration Initiative. This rural town, situated 112 km southwest of Winnipeg, is actively looking for new immigrants in certain occupations. Immigration to Morden is conducted through the MPNP.

International Education Stream

The new International Education Stream (IES) is designed to provide Manitoba graduates who meet the needs of industry with faster pathways to permanent residence. The stream has three pathways: Career Employment PathwayGraduate Internship Pathway, and the Student Entrepreneur Pathway.

NEW BRUNSWICK

New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)

New Brunswick is one of Canada’s northeastern Maritime provinces.

New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province in Canada, with about 30 percent of the population speaking French as a first language. New Brunswick is home to a number of cities such as Fredericton, Saint John, and Moncton.The NBPNP is New Brunswick’s Provincial Nominee Program.Through the NBPNP, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a New Brunswick provincial nomination certificate. With this nomination, foreign nationals may then apply for Canadian permanent residence. The NBPNP accepts applications under the following immigration categories:

Express Entry Labour Market Stream

This stream allows the NBPNP to use the federal Express Entry immigration selection system to meet New Brunswick’s specific labour market and demographic needs. This stream operates under an 'Expression of Interest' model.

Skilled Workers with Employer Support

New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who have received a full-time, permanent job offer from a New Brunswick employer.

Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream

New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who have graduated from a recognized academic institution in New Brunswick, and have started or acquired a business in the province.

Entrepreneurial Stream

New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who plan to own and actively manage a business in New Brunswick. Applicants are expected to make a monetary investment in the business.

Skilled Workers with Family Support

NOTE: This program closed permanently on February 16, 2018.New Brunswick accepts applications under this category from individuals who have worked in New Brunswick and have close family ties to the province.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

New Brunswick is one of four participating Atlantic provinces working with the Government of Canada to recruit foreign workers to meet labour market shortages in Atlantic Canada. Foreign nationals interested in participating in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program may be residing abroad or on temporary status in Canada at the time of applying.All applicants to the pilot must have a job offer from a designated employer that meets the requirements of the program.

NEW FOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)

Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada’s easternmost province, may be one of the country’s best kept secrets.

The province consists of two distinct land masses: Labrador, which is connected to the mainland, and the island of Newfoundland. A large number of its residents live in the provincial capital of St. John’s, which enjoys a lively culture that draws heavily from its coastal environment.The province has recently evolved into a significant economic force in the Canadian landscape due to a boom in energy and natural resources.The NLPNP is Newfoundland and Labrador’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Newfoundland and Labrador provincial nomination.The NLPNP accepts applications under the following immigration categories:

Newfoundland and Labrador Express Entry Skilled Worker

The NL Express Entry Skilled Worker category enables the NLPNP to nominate skilled candidates with job offers through the federal Express Entry immigration selection system. Prospective immigrants who have been accepted into the federal Express Entry pool may be able to apply to the NL Express Entry Skilled Worker category.Individuals nominated by the NLPNP will receive additional points under the Comprehensive Ranking System, resulting in an Invitation to Apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Skilled Worker Category

The NLPNP accepts applications under this category from individuals who have received a guaranteed job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer. Individuals who are currently working in the province on a valid work permit may also be eligible.

International Graduate Category

The NLPNP accepts applications under this category from recent graduates of an eligible Canadian post-secondary institution who remain in Canada on a Post-Graduate Work Permit. Applicants must also have either a current job or job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer, and must be working in their field of study at the time of application.

International Entrepreneur Category

This NLNP business immigration category will soon open to foreign nationals who would like to settle in the Newfoundland and Labrador create, co-manage or purchase a business in the province. Candidates must operate their business for a year while on a Temporary Work Permit before pursuing a provincial nomination from the province.

International Graduate Entrepreneur Category

This NLNP International Graduate Entrepreneur will provide international graduates who have attended Newfoundland and Labrador post-secondary institutions and who wish to establish, co-own or run a business in the province with a pathway to Canadian permanent residence.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot

Newfoundland and Labrador is one of four Atlantic provinces working in partnership with the Canadian government to hire foreign workers to fill jobs in Atlantic Canada that have not been filled locally. Foreign nationals interested in participating in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot may be residing abroad or on temporary status in Canada at the time of applying.All applicants to the pilot must have a job offer from a designated employer that meets the requirements of the program.

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)

Situated between the Yukon and Nunavut, the Northwest Territories (NWT) is the name given to one single expansive territory.

The Northwest Territories boasts acres upon acres of untouched forests and a population of just over 40,000 residents. The territory's economy exploits its vast geological resources, including gold, diamonds, natural gas, and petroleum.The capital city, Yellowknife, located on the shores of Great Slave Lake, is both a major industrial hub for workers in the region and a scenic town with abundant recreational opportunities.Through the Northwest Territories’ Provincial Nominee Program (NTNP) program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Northwest Territories Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will allow that foreign national to apply for Canadian Permanent Residence.The NTNP accepts applications under two programs, one of which has three distinct streams:

Employer Driven Program

Northwest Territories — Express Entry Stream

The NTNP Express Entry Stream for Skilled Workers is designed to nominate Express Entry candidates who meet the eligibility criteria for the Northwest Territories’ Skilled Worker stream. Foreign nationals who have been accepted into the federal Express Entry pool may be able to apply to this Express Entry Stream for Skilled Workers.

Skilled Worker Stream

The NTNP Skilled Worker Stream enables the Government of Northwest Territories to nominate individuals who have received an offer of employment in a skilled position from a Northwest Territories employer. Applicants must have already worked in the position in the Northwest Territories for a minimum of six months.

Critical Impact Worker Stream

The NTNP Critical Impact Worker Streams enables the Government of Northwest Territories to nominate individuals who have received an offer of employment in a semi-skilled or unskilled position from an NWT employer. Applicants must have already worked in the position in the Northwest Territories for a minimum of six months.

Business Immigration Program

Business Stream

The NTNP Business Stream is geared towards foreign nationals who demonstrate the ability to start, acquire, or invest in an existing Northwest Territories business which provides or may provide economic benefit to the Territory and create jobs.

NOVA SCOTIA

Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)

Nova Scotia is a small Canadian province located in the Maritimes region of the country.

The province is composed of the Nova Scotia peninsula, Cape Breton Island, and over 3,000 smaller islands. Its capital city, Halifax, is known as a major centre for culture and the arts, as well as for its high standard of living. Nova Scotians are closely connected to the sea, and the province is renowned for its coastal beauty and delicious cuisine.The NSNP is Nova Scotia’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Nova Scotia Provincial Nomination Certificate.The NSNP accepts applications under the following immigration streams:

Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry

Nova Scotia uses the federal government's Express Entry immigration selection system in order to select candidates for Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry. This stream, which came into effect on January 1, 2015, is for highly-skilled individuals with a post-secondary education and qualifications that will help them successfully settle in Nova Scotia. There is a list of 11 eligible occupations for this stream.

Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry

Nova Scotia uses the federal government's Express Entry immigration selection system in order to select candidates for this stream, which provides a pathway to permanent residence for highly skilled applicants who have worked for a Nova Scotia employer for at least one year.

Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities

The Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities Stream allows the province to select Express Entry candidates who meet specified labour market needs. The skilled occupations specified under this dynamic stream can change with each invitation round.

Skilled Worker Stream

The NSNP accepts applications under this stream from individuals who have received a job offer from a Nova Scotia employer. Workers in skilled, semi-skilled, and low-skilled occupations may be eligible to apply.

Occupation In Demand Stream

The Nova Scotia Occupation in Demand Stream is designed to target specific NOC Skill Level C related jobs that are in high demand in the province of Nova Scotia.

Entrepreneur Stream

The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) Entrepreneur Stream is designed to attract individuals who wish to start or acquire a business and settle permanently in Nova Scotia.

International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream

The International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream is open to graduates who have completed at least two years of full-time study from a recognized Nova Scotia university or Nova Scotia Community College, have operated their own business in Nova Scotia for at least one year, and intend to settle permanently in Nova Scotia.

Physician Stream

The Physician Stream is open to internationally-trained general practitioners, family physicians and specialist physicians with a signed employment offer from Nova Scotia's healthcare authorities.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

Nova Scotia is one of four Atlantic provinces working in partnership with the Government of Canada to recruit foreign workers to fill jobs in Atlantic Canada that have not been filled locally. Foreign nationals interested in participating in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program may be residing abroad or on temporary status in Canada at the time of applying.All applicants to the pilot must have a job offer from a designated employer that meets the requirements of the program.

ONTARIO

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)

Ontario is Canada’s most popular landing destination for immigrants from around the world.

As Canada’s most populous province, nearly 40 percent of Canadians call Ontario home. Ontario is also home to Canada’s capital city, Ottawa, and its largest city, Toronto. In many ways, Ontario is the center of Canada’s economic, social, and political life.Ontario’s Provincial Nominee Program is called the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP).Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a provincial nomination from Ontario, after which they can apply for Canadian permanent residence with the Government of Canada.The OINP accepts applications under the following immigration categories:

Human Capital Category

The OINP Human Capital Category consists of five streams divided into two categories: Ontario's Express Entry streams and the International Graduates streams.

Ontario's Express Entry Streams

The OINP's Express Entry streams are aligned with the federal government's Express Entry selection system. Candidates can only apply for these streams if they have an active Express Entry profile and if they have received an invitation to apply for a provincial nomination.

Ontario Express Entry: Human Capital Priorities Stream

This stream enables the OINP to nominate individuals who are eligible to enter the federal Express Entry pool and who have the required education, skilled work experience, language ability, and other characteristics to successfully establish themselves and integrate into Ontario’s labour market and communities.The OINP also uses the Human Capital Priorities Stream to conduct occasional tech draws for Express Entry candidates with work experience in six tech-sector occupations.

Ontario Express Entry: French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream

This stream allows Ontario to nominate French-Speaking skilled Express Entry candidates who have strong English language abilities, education, skilled work experience, language ability, and other characteristics to help them successfully establish themselves and integrate into Ontario’s labour market and communities.

Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream

The Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades stream targets tradespersons with ongoing or recent experience of working in Ontario.

International Graduates Streams

Ontario's two International Graduate streams target international students who have recently obtained a master's or doctoral degree from an eligible Ontario university.

Masters Graduate Stream

This stream targets individuals who have graduated with a master’s degree from an eligible Ontario university. A job offer is not required.

PhD Graduate Stream

This stream targets individuals who have graduated from a PhD program at an eligible Ontario university. A job offer is not required.

Employer Job Offer Category

Through the Foreign Worker and International Student streams, Ontario employers are able to nominate foreign workers and/or international students with an eligible job offer in Ontario. Potential applicants may be living abroad or in Canada at the time of applying.

Foreign Worker Stream

This stream provides foreign workers with a job offer in a skilled occupation in Ontario the capability to settle and work in the province.

International Student Stream

This stream assists international students with job offers in Ontario to work and settle as permanent residents in the province.

In-Demand Skills Stream

This stream targets foreign workers abroad or in Canada with a job offer in specific in-demand occupations, such as in agriculture or construction.

 

 Business Category

Entrepreneur Stream

This stream is designed to attract individuals who are looking to implement a new business initiative or buy an existing business in Ontario. Successful applicants will obtain a temporary work permit support letter – based on a performance agreement – to establish the business in Ontario. If the investment and job creation agreements outlined in the performance agreement are adhered to, entrepreneurs will have the opportunity to be nominated for Canadian permanent resident status.

Corporate Stream

Note: The Ontario Corporate Stream has been terminated and is no longer accepting applications.This stream aims to help and support established international corporations looking to expand into Ontario or buy an existing business. Once the business has been successfully established, key staff are eligible to apply for a provincial nomination certificate, allowing them to eventually become permanent residents of Canada.

Which OINP streams are currently open?

The Canada PNP Finder brings you updates on all OINP immigration streams, including news and draw histories. The filters on the Canada PNP Finder can also help you discover which streams are currently open, require a job offer and/or list Canadian education or work experience as a requirement.

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)

 Prince Edward Island (PEI), which consists of the island itself and several surrounding isles, is Canada’s smallest province.PEI is considered "the birthplace of Canada" since the "Charlottetown conference" — which led to the country’s formation — took place on the island's capital in 1864. The island province is renowned not only for its lush farmland and beautiful coasts, but it is also home to a burgeoning economy centered on agriculture, tourism, and fishing.The PEI PNP is Prince Edward Island’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Prince Edward Island Provincial Nomination Certificate, after which they can apply for Canadian permanent residence with the Government of Canada.The PEI PNP accepts applications under three major immigration categories:

PEI PNP Express Entry

Candidates who are eligible to enter the Express Entry pool and are interested in living and working in Prince Edward Island may apply to the PEI PNP Express Entry Category. Eligible applicants may benefit from processing times of six months or less. The PEI PNP does not guarantee that all Express Entry profiles submitted will be reviewed or accepted. Only those applicants with skills matching current identified labour needs for the province will be considered.

Labour Impact Category

The province accepts applications under this category from individuals who possess skills and experience that are needed in PEI’s labour market. This category is divided into three streams. They are as follows:

Skilled Worker Stream

This stream is for workers who have been identified or hired by a PEI employer. To apply to this stream, an individual must be either currently working in PEI or have a job offer from an employer in the province. Eligible applicants will work in a skilled profession and possess relevant experience and at least a post-secondary degree or diploma.

Critical Worker Stream

This stream is for workers who have already been hired by a PEI employer, and whose employer would like to sponsor them for permanent residency. Eligible applicants can work in a semi-skilled or unskilled profession.

International Graduate Stream

This stream is for recent graduates from recognized accredited Prince Edward Island universities and colleges who have already been hired by a PEI employer. Eligible applicants will work in a skilled profession in their field of study.

Business Impact Category

Work Permit Stream

This stream helps individuals who wish to invest in a PEI business to transition to PEI on a work permit prior to receiving a provincial nomination. During their time on a work permit, applicants are expected to begin working in Canada and to learn about the business in which he or she will be investing.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

Prince Edward Island is one of four Atlantic provinces working in partnership with the Government of Canada to recruit foreign workers to fill jobs in Atlantic Region that have not been filled locally. Foreign nationals interested in participating in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP) may be residing abroad or on temporary status in Canada at the time of applying to the program.All applicants to the pilot must have a job offer from a designated employer that meets the requirements of the program.

SASKATCHEWAN

Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)

Saskatchewan is home to one of the country’s most rapidly growing economies and populations, thanks largely to the arrival of immigrants from around the world.

Saskatchewan is one of the Prairie provinces of Western Canada. Its economy is primarily based on agriculture and important natural resources industries like forestry and fishing. It boasts two major cities, Saskatoon and Regina, as well as vast expanses of pristine wilderness.The SINP is Saskatchewan’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Saskatchewan provincial nomination certificate, after which they can apply for Canadian permanent residence with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).The SINP accepts applications under the following categories: Each these categories may have one or more sub-categories. Below we provide you with additional information about each of these categories to help you determine if the SINP is right for you.

International Skilled Worker Category

This category accepts applications from skilled workers who plan to live and work in the Province of Saskatchewan. Applicants are measured based on a points system and can be nominated under one of three sub-categories.

International Skilled Worker - Employment Offer

This sub-category is for skilled workers with a skilled job offer from a Saskatchewan employer.

International Skilled Worker - Occupations In-Demand

This sub-category is for highly skilled workers with experience in an in-demand occupation in Saskatchewan, who do not yet have a job offer in the province.On July 16, 2018, the SINP moved to an Expression of Interest System for its Occupations In-Demand sub-category.

International Skilled Worker - Saskatchewan Express Entry

This sub-category enables the province to nominate individuals who are already in Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada's (IRCC) Express Entry pool and have skilled work experience in an in-demand occupation in Saskatchewan.On July 16, 2018, the SINP moved to an Expression of Interest System for its Express Entry sub-category. 

Saskatchewan Experience Category

This category is for foreign workers that are currently living in Saskatchewan. The Saskatchewan Experience Category accepts applications under the following sub-categories:

Existing Work Permit

This sub-category is for individuals who have been working in Saskatchewan for at least six months under a valid work permit.

Health Professionals

This sub-category is for individuals who have worked as a physician, a nurse, or in another health profession in Saskatchewan for at least six months.

Hospitality Sector Project

This sub-category is for individuals that are currently working in Saskatchewan as food and beverage servers, food counter attendants, kitchen helpers, or housekeeping and cleaning staff for at least six months. The employer must receive approval from the Province of Saskatchewan before the applicant begins work in Canada.

Long Haul Truck Driver Project

This sub-category is for individuals who are currently working for an approved trucking firm in Saskatchewan. Drivers must be working in Saskatchewan for their current employer for a minimum of six months before applying.

Students

This sub-category is for students who have graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution in Canada. Among the requirements, the student must have worked in Saskatchewan for at least twenty-four months before applying, or for six months if the institution is in Saskatchewan.

Entrepreneur and Farm Category

This category is for individuals who wish to own and actively operate a business or farming operation in Saskatchewan.

Entrepreneur Sub-Category

This sub-category is for individuals who wish to invest management talent and capital in Saskatchewan by establishing, acquiring, or partnering in a business the province. Candidates are expected to take on an active management role in the business. This sub-category functions on an Expression of Interest model.

Farm Owners and Operators Sub-Category

This sub-category is for experienced farmers with considerable capital looking to invest in a farming operation and settle in the province of Saskatchewan.

YUKON

Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

Located in the far northwest of Canada, Yukon has a fabled place in the country’s history.

Perhaps most famous for the Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1890s, Yukon today is home to approximately 30,000 people, living mostly in the capital of Whitehorse. Its economy is composed primarily of mining and tourism. The territory is an ideal place to settle for individuals who value strong communities and the great outdoors.The Yukon Nominee Program (YNP) is the Yukon’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the territory may receive a Yukon Provincial Nomination Certificate, after which they can apply for Canadian permanent residence with the Government of Canada.The YNP consists of the following programs:

Yukon Express Entry (YEE)

The YNP Express Entry Program (YEE) increases the overall allocation for the YNP through the introduction of “enhanced” allocations that may be used in conjunction with the federal Express Entry immigration selection system. Yukon employers who cannot find Canadian citizens or permanent residents to fill job openings for skilled workers now have access to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship's (IRCC) Express Entry pool of candidates.YEE applicants are drawn from the pool on the basis of nominations arising from valid job offers for permanent, full-time work from eligible Yukon employers.

Skilled Worker

This program allows Yukon employers to sponsor foreign skilled workers for Canadian permanent residence. Sponsored applicants must be working in a National Occupational Classification (NOC) Skill Level 0, A, or B occupation.

Critical Impact Worker

This program was created to help employers sponsor workers for immigration who have experience in a semi-skilled or unskilled occupation in high demand in the territory. Sponsored applicants must receive a job offer from a Yukon employer; however, they are not required to be in Yukon at the time of application.

Business Nominee

This program was created for individuals with proven business experience who want to start a new business, partner with an existing business, or purchase and operate an existing business in Yukon. Applicants should be ready to make a significant investment in their Yukon-based business.

4. CANADA EXPERIENCE CLASS

Canadian Experience Class Immigration Program

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is an immigration category for Canada's foreign workers who wish to become permanent residents.

Temporary foreign workers are ideal candidates for Canadian immigration (permanent residence). Having obtained Canadian work experience, these individuals have already settled into Canadian society and established important networks in their communities and their careers.

Canadian Experience Class applications are processed through the Express Entry selection system for immigration to Canada. Eligible candidates must make an expression of interest in immigrating to Canada, create an online Express Entry profile, and receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence before they may make an application.

CEC requirements

Applicants must meet the following minimum requirements. They must:

  • Have obtained at least one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience in Canada within 36 months of the application date; and
  • Meet or surpass a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5 ("initial intermediate") or 7 ("adequate intermediate proficiency"), depending on the level of the job; and
  • Plan to live and work outside of the province of Quebec (individuals with work experience in Quebec and who plan to reside in Quebec may apply to the Quebec Experience Class).

Applicants can remain in Canada throughout the application process. However, the Canadian Experience Class is also open to individuals who are no longer in Canada, provided that they submit their application within three years of leaving their job in Canada.

The Canadian Experience Class requirements are based on a pass or fail model. If the minimum requirements are met, the applicant is eligible to enter the Express Entry pool.

Note: Self-employment and work experience gained while you were a full-time student (for example, on a co-op work term) does not count under this program.

A Popular Option for International Students

For many international graduates, the Canadian Experience Class may offer the fastest and most simple path to achieving permanent residence.

After completing a program or course of study at a Canadian educational institution, many international graduates are able to remain in the country on post-graduate work permits. If, during this time, a graduate obtains at least one year of work in a skilled, professional or technical field, they may then become eligible to enter the Express Entry pool under the Canadian Experience Class.

Additional Options for Foreign Workers

If you are considering applying under the Canadian Experience Class, you may have other additional for Canadian immigration through the various Provincial Nominee Programs.

Contact us for more information about the Canadian Experience Class.

5. QUEBEC EXPERIENCE PROGRAM (AHSP)

Quebec Experience Program (PEQ)

If you have studied or worked in the province of Quebec, you may be eligible to immigrate under this fast-track Canadian immigration program.

The Quebec Experience Program (Programme de l’expérience québécoise, or PEQ) is a popular immigration pathway for foreign students and individuals with work experience in Quebec.

Immigration to Quebec can be considered a two-step process in which an individual interested in immigrating to Quebec must first apply for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (also known as a Quebec Selection Certificate or "CSQ"), a document that allows the holder to immigrate to Quebec. To apply for a CSQ, it is important to satisfy the eligibility requirements of one of the many Quebec immigration program offered by Quebec's Ministry of Immigration, Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion (MIDI).

Once the applicant obtains a CSQ, he or she must then submit an application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for federal approval before the Canadian Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa can be issued. Federal immigration authorities will primarily be responsible for processing criminal and medical checks.

Potential applicants who do not meet the eligibility criteria for the PEQ, but who have experience working or studying in Quebec, may also be eligible to apply for a CSQ through the Quebec Skilled Worker Program.

Apply under the PEQ as an International Student

Foreign students who have studied in Quebec may be eligible to apply for a CSQ under the PEQ if they:

  • show intention to settle in Quebec to hold a job;
  • have stayed temporarily in Quebec for the purposes of study;
  • have obtained an eligible degree or diploma from an educational institution recognized by the Quebec Ministry of Education within the past 36 months;
  • have studied in Quebec for at least 1,800 hours (two years); and
  • show that he or she has successfully completed an advanced intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if his or her studies were not completed in French, or prove French ability by way of a standardized language test recognized by the Government of Quebec.

MIDI will not issue a CSQ until the applicant submits a complete transcript and an attestation of successful completion of diploma.

NOTE: Prospective Quebec graduates can no longer apply for a CSQ six months before obtaining their diploma. Quebec graduates have to obtain their diploma or provide an attestation of successful completion, as well as the transcript of their final grades, in order to submit a CSQ application to the Quebec Immigration Ministry.

Apply under the PEQ as a Temporary Foreign Worker

Temporary Foreign Workers in Quebec may be eligible to apply for a CSQ under the PEQ if they:

  • show intention to settle in Quebec to hold a job;
  • have stayed temporarily in Quebec for the purposes of work;
  • have had full-time work experience in Quebec for at least 12 months of the 24 months preceding the submission of an application;
  • have legal status in Quebec as a temporary worker or as part of a youth exchange program, such as International Experience Canada (IEC) (Working Holiday, Young Professionals or International Co-op Internship).
  • are employed at the time of the application; and
  • can show that they have successfully completed an advanced intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if the studies were not completed in French, or prove French ability by way of a standardized language test recognized by the Government of Quebec. Alternatively, they can show that they have satisfied the French language requirements of the professional order governing their occupation in Quebec.

Full-time Work Experience for the PEQ

The MIDI considers a minimum of 30 hours of paid work per week as full-time employment. Full-time work experience acquired as an international student while on a Post-Graduation Work Permit or under a Youth Exchange/International Experience Canada (IEC) Program may be taken into account if the applicant meets all PEQ requirements. MIDI will not consider any period of part-time work, self-employment, or entrepreneurial work under the PEQ.

Quebec immigration authorities expect the assessment of applications under the PEQ to be completed on a fast-track basis.

6. ATLANTIC HIGH SKILLED PROGRAM

Atlantic High-Skilled Program (AHSP)

The Atlantic High-Skilled Program (AHSP) is part of the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP), a new Canadian immigration venture for 2017 and beyond.

The Job Offer

The AHSP is an employer-driven program, and therefore all applicants are required to obtain a valid job offer.

Applicants to the AHSP must demonstrate that they have a job offer that is:

  • from a designated employer in one of the four Atlantic provinces;
  • for full-time employment for at least one year;
  • non-seasonal;
  • skilled (i.e. in a managerial, professional, or technical/trades position at skill type 0, A or, B of the National Occupational Classification [NOC]); and
  • supported by a provincial certificate of endorsement from the province that indicates that the job offer is genuine and that a needs assessment has been completed and a settlement plan is in place for the applicant and each member of the family.

Employers in the Atlantic region can review designation requirements on our AIPP Employer Designation page.

Work Experience

Applicants to the AHSP must demonstrate that they have obtained work experience for at least one year (1,560 hours total/30 hours per week), non-continuous, full-time or an equal amount in part-time, within the last three years. This work experience must be:

  • paid work (i.e. volunteer work, unpaid internships do not count); and
  • in a managerial, professional, or technical/trades position (NOC 0, A, or B).

Additional notes on work experience:

  • Applicants must have carried out the activities listed in the lead statement of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) description and a substantial number of the main duties.
  • Canadian experience must have been obtained while the foreign national was authorized to work in Canada as a temporary resident.
  • Applicants do not have to be employed at the time they apply.
  • Periods of self-employment will not be included when calculating the period of qualifying work experience.
  • Work experience acquired during a period of study is allowed, as long as the work hours did not exceed what the applicant was authorized to do for that period.

Education

Applicants to AHSP must demonstrate they have one of the following:

  • a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree; or
  • a completed foreign educational credential.

For applicants with an education completed outside Canada, an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is required in order to prove that the level of education is commensurate with Canadian standards. The ECA must be less than five years old the time the application is submitted.

Language Ability

Applicants to the AHSP must prove language ability of at least fluent basic level in either English or French in order to apply to the program. This is equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4. To find out how this corresponds with the standardized language tests recognized by IRCC for this program, use the Canada Immigration Language Converter.

The following language tests are approved for the AHSP:

  • IELTS (International English Language Testing System) — General test only.
  • CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program) — General test only.
  • TEF (Test d’évaluation de français).
  • Test de connaissance du Francis (TCF Canada)

Potential applicants may note that the language threshold for this program is lower than for many other Canadian economic immigration programs, including the programs managed under the Express Entry system. Moreover, because there is no points system for the AHSP, once a potential applicant has proven the required language ability, there is no additional incentive — with respect to applying to the AHSP, at least — in re-taking a language test.

Language test results must be less than two years old at the time the application is submitted.

Settlement Funds

The required settlement funds must be equal to or greater than the sums listed below for each family size.

Number of family members (including those supported by the applicant, even if they are not included on the application)Funds required
1$3,167
2$3,943
3$4,847
4$5,885
5$6,675
6$7,528
7 or more$8,381

Applicants must show that they have enough money to support themselves and their family member, if applicable, after landing in Canada unless they are working in Canada under a valid work permit.

These funds cannot be borrowed from another person.

Provincial Endorsement

Applicants must be endorsed by an Atlantic province in order for the application to be complete and accepted by IRCC.

An endorsement letter is issued by the province to persons who have been endorsed. Applicants should submit a copy of this letter with their application for permanent residence submitted to IRCC.

All endorsements are valid for six months after the date of issuance, and extensions are not permitted under these programs. The application for permanent residence must be submitted before the expiry date of the endorsement letter.

ATLANTIC INTERMEDIATE SKILLED PROGRAM (AISP)

Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program (AISP)

The Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program (AISP) is part of the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP), a new Canadian immigration venture for 2017 and beyond.

Through the AISP, eligible foreign workers with a job offer from an employer in Atlantic Canada can submit an application for Canadian permanent residence.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship (IRCC) aims to process 80 percent of applications within six months.

The Job Offer

The AISP is an employer-driven program, and therefore all applicants are required to obtain a valid job offer.

Applicants to the AISP must demonstrate that they have a job offer that is:

  • from a designated employer in one of the four Atlantic provinces;
  • for full-time, indeterminate employment;
  • non-seasonal;
  • skilled or intermediate level (i.e. in a managerial, professional, technical/trades, or intermediate position at skill type 0, A, B, or C of the National Occupational Classification [NOC]); and
  • supported by a provincial certificate of endorsement from the province that indicates that the job offer is genuine and that a needs assessment has been completed and a settlement plan is in place for the applicant and each member of the family.

Employers in the Atlantic region can review designation requirements on our AIPP Employer Designation page.

Work Experience

Applicants to the AISP must demonstrate that they have obtained work experience for at least one year (1,560 hours total/30 hours per week) within the last three years. This work experience may be non-continuous, full-time or part-time, but must add up to a total of 1,560 hours. This work experience must be:

  • in one occupation (work with different employers is permitted);
  • paid work (i.e. volunteer work, unpaid internships do not count); and
  • in a NOC C level occupation.

Additional notes on work experience:

  • Applicants can include work experience under skill level B obtained while working as a registered nurse (NOC 3012), registered psychiatric nurse (NOC 3012) and licensed practical nurse (NOC 3233). This experience can only be included if the applicant has a job offer as a nurse's aide (NOC 3413), orderly (NOC 3413), patient services associate (NOC 3413) or home support worker (NOC 4412).
  • Applicants must have carried out the activities listed in the lead statement of the National Occupational Classification (NOC) description and a substantial number of the main duties.
  • Canadian experience must have been obtained while the foreign national was authorized to work in Canada as a temporary resident.
  • Applicants do not have to be employed at the time they apply.
  • Periods of self-employment will not be included when calculating the period of qualifying work experience.
  • Work experience acquired during a period of study is allowed, as long as the work hours did not exceed what the applicant was authorized to do for that period.

Education

Applicants to AISP must demonstrate they have one of the following:

  • a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree; or
  • a completed foreign educational credential.

For applicants with an education completed outside Canada, an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is required in order to prove that the level of education is commensurate with Canadian standards. The ECA must be less than five years old the time the application is submitted.

Language Ability

Applicants to the AISP must prove language ability of at least fluent basic level in either English or French in order to apply to the program. This is equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4. To find out how this corresponds with the standardized language tests recognized by IRCC for this program, use the Canada Immigration Language Converter.

The following language tests are approved for the AISP:

Potential applicants may note that the language threshold for this program is lower than for many other Canadian economic immigration programs, including the programs managed under the Express Entry system. Moreover, because there is no points system for the AISP, once a potential applicant has proven the required language ability, there is no additional incentive — with respect to applying to the AISP, at least — in re-taking a language test.

Language test results must be less than two years old at the time the application is submitted.

Settlement Funds

The required settlement funds must be equal to or greater than the sums listed below for each family size.

Number of family members (including those supported by the applicant, even if they are not included on the application)Funds required
1$3,167
2$3,943
3$4,847
4$5,885
5$6,675
6$7,528
7 or more$8,381

Applicants must show that they have enough money to support themselves and their family member, if applicable, after landing in Canada unless they are working in Canada under a valid work permit.

These funds cannot be borrowed from another person.

Provincial Endorsement

Applicants must be endorsed by an Atlantic province in order for the application to be complete and accepted by IRCC.

An endorsement letter is issued by the province to persons who have been endorsed. Applicants should submit a copy of this letter with their application for permanent residence submitted to IRCC.

All endorsements are valid for six months after the date of issuance, and extensions are not permitted under these programs. The application for permanent residence must be submitted before the expiry date of the endorsement letter.

ATLANTIC INTERNATIONAL GRADUATE PROGRAM (AIGP)

Atlantic International Graduate Program (AIGP)

The Atlantic International Graduate Program (AIGP) is a unique immigration option for international graduates of eligible educational institutions in Atlantic Canada.

This program allows graduates to submit an application for permanent residence without first having to obtain work experience.

The AIGP is part of the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP), a new Canadian immigration venture for 2017 and beyond.

Through the AIGP, eligible foreign workers with a job offer from an employer in Atlantic Canada can submit an application for Canadian permanent residence.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship (IRCC) aims to process 80 percent of applications within six months.

The Job Offer

The AIGP is an employer-driven program, and therefore all applicants are required to obtain a valid job offer.

Applicants to the AIGP must demonstrate that they have a job offer that is:

  • from a designated employer in one of the four Atlantic provinces;
  • for full-time employment for at least one year;
  • non-seasonal;
  • skilled (i.e. in a managerial, professional, or technical/trades position at skill type 0, A or, B of the National Occupational Classification [NOC]); and
  • supported by a provincial certificate of endorsement from the province that indicates that the job offer is genuine and that a needs assessment has been completed and a settlement plan is in place for the applicant and each member of the family.

Employers in the Atlantic region can review designation requirements on our AIPP Employer Designation page.

Education

Applicants to AIGP must demonstrate that they:

  • obtained a degree, diploma, certificate or trade or apprenticeship credential following completion of a post-secondary education program of at least two years from a recognized publicly-funded institution in Atlantic Canada (i.e. in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, or Newfoundland and Labrador);
  • were enrolled as a full-time student in Canada for a minimum of two years;
  • lived in either Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, or Newfoundland and Labrador for at least 16 months within the 24-month period before their credential was granted; and
  • had valid or legal temporary resident status throughout their stay in Canada and had authorization for any work, study or training they engaged in while in Canada.

IRCC states that the educational credential must have been obtained within 24 months of the date on the application for permanent residence.

Language Ability

Applicants to the AIGP must prove language ability of at least fluent basic level in either English or French in order to apply to the program. This is equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4. To find out how this corresponds with the standardized language tests recognized by IRCC for this program, use the Canada Immigration Language Converter.

The following language tests are approved for the AIGP:

  • IELTS (International English Language Testing System) — General test only.
  • CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program) — General test only.
  • TEF (Test d’évaluation de français).
  • Test de connaissance du français (TCF Canada)

Potential applicants may note that the language threshold for this program is lower than for many other Canadian economic immigration programs, including the programs managed under the Express Entry system. Moreover, because there is no points system for the AIGP, once a potential applicant has proven the required language ability, there is no additional incentive — with respect to applying to the AIGP, at least — in re-taking a language test.

Language test results must be less than two years old at the time the application is submitted.

Settlement Funds

The required settlement funds must be equal to or greater than the sums listed below for each family size.

DESIGNATED ATLANTIC CANADA EMPLOYMENT

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program: Employer Designation

Employers in Atlantic Canada who wish to hire foreign talent through the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP) must first receive employer designation.

The AIPP is an immigration pilot program, introduced in 2017. It allows eligible skilled workersintermediate level workers, and international graduates to become permanent residents of Canada and immigrate to one of the Atlantic provinces, namely Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador.

All programs under the AIPP are employer-driven, meaning that applicants require a job offer in order to satisfy the criteria. As such, local employers play a big role in the process.

There is no Labour Market Impact Assessment process under the AIPP. However, employers must still follow a few steps in order to hire through this program.

Under the AIPP, employers also work with settlement service provider organizations in their province. This will help newcomers settle and integrate in Canada.

The employer designation process and settlement service provider organizations are different for each province:

In all cases, the employer must send the job offer, the settlement plan for each adult family member, and an endorsement application to the province for review. If the province approves the application, they will send the applicant/candidate an endorsement letter. This letter must be included with the immigration application.

Nova Scotia AIPP employer requirements

Employers in Nova Scotia looking to fill persistent labour gaps through the AIPP must first be approved for eligibility by being designated and then endorsed by the province.

To become designated, an employer must:

  • Have a business operating in good standing;
  • Provide information on labour needs; and
  • Commit to working with a service provider organization on settlement and retention

To become endorsed, an employer must:

  • Demonstrate efforts to hire locally have not been successful;
  • Recruit a foreign worker;
  • Provide a valid, full-time, non-seasonal job offer co-signed with the foreign worker; and
  • Provide an individualized settlement plan co-signed with the foreign worker.

Employers must also work with a settlement service provider in the province. See below for a list of currently available providers.

New Brunswick AIPP employer requirements

Employers in New Brunswick interested in participating in the AIPP must meet the following designation criteria:

  • The employer wants to hire full-time, non-seasonal international candidates;
  • The employer and their business are well-established and in good standing; and
  • The employer is committed to meet the settlement needs of international candidate(s) and accompanying family members.

Prince Edward Island AIPP employer requirements

Employers in PEI interested in participating in the AIPP must meet the following designation criteria.

The employer must:

  • Want to hire full-time, non-seasonal international candidates;
  • Be in good standing with provincial and federal standards and legislation;
  • Demonstrate preparedness to receive and meet the settlement needs of international candidate(s) and accompanying family members, and agree to do so; and
  • Understand and agree to the reporting requirements for the program.

The Employer Designation Application Form must be completed before you can apply for endorsement of a foreign national under the Atlantic Immigration Pilot. Designated employers are eligible to apply for endorsement of a foreign national they wish to hire.

Newfoundland and Labrador AIPP employer requirements

Designation is the first step for employers in Newfoundland and Labrador interested in participating in the AIPP. The designation process is designed to confirm that:

  • The AIPP is the immigration program best suited to address the employer’s needs;
  • The employer wants to hire full-time, non-seasonal international candidates;
  • The employer and their business is established and in good standing as per the program guidelines;
  • The employer has demonstrated their preparedness to receive and meet the settlement needs of international candidate(s) and accompanying family members, and has agreed to do so; and,
  • The employer understands and agrees to the reporting requirements for the program.

CONTENT FOR RURAL AND NORTHERN IMMIGRATION PILOT

Canada Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot

Through the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot, the Government of Canada works with small and remote communities in Ontario, Western Canada and the three territories to attract and retain foreign workers. 

The five-year pilot supports eligible communities to:

  • utilize immigration to help meet local labour market needs and support regional economic development;
  • establish a new pathway to permanent residence in rural Canada for skilled foreign nationals at various skill levels; and
  • create welcoming environments that attract and integrate newcomers.

What is the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot?

The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot is community-driven, which means participating communities take the lead in attracting new immigrants and matching them with local job vacancies, promoting a welcoming community, and connecting newcomers to established members of the community and its settlement services.

Community and Economic Development Organization Roles and Responsibilities

Communities must work with a local economic development organization to fulfil the pilot's eligibility criteria.

Selected communities and local economic development organizations must:

  • organize key players within the community, including employers, to identify opportunities where immigration can best support the local economy and share the importance and value of immigration with the community;
  • promote the pilot and the community to eligible foreign nationals;
  • recruit and assess suitable candidates for immigration by considering the economic needs of the community and an employment opportunity for the candidate;
  • prepare the community for the arrival of new immigrants by working with partners that provide services and develop strong support networks for new immigrants;
  • promote the integration of new immigrants in the community by connecting newcomers with established members of the community and settlement/social services (i.e. housing, education, transportation, and health care);
  • monitor and report on the results of the pilot in the community.

Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Community Eligibility

To be considered eligible to participate in the pilot, the community must:

  • have a population of 50,000 people or less and be located at least 75 km from the core of a Census Metropolitan Area OR up to 200,000 people and be considered remote from other larger cities (using Statistics Canada’s index of remoteness)
  • be located in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Saskatchewan and Yukon;
  • have job opportunities;
  • have an economic development plan;
  • have a local economic development organization that can manage the pilot for your community;
  • have the capacity to settle new immigrants in the community by having or developing:
    • relationships with local or regional immigrant-serving organizations;
    • opportunities to connect newcomers with established members of the community, such as through mentoring or networking;
    • access to key services like education, housing, transportation, and health care.

How to Immigrate under the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot

The Government of Canada is yet to announce details on the immigration process through the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot. This page will be updated once further details on applicant requirements are provided by the government.

7. RURAL AND NORTHERN IMMIGRATION PILOT

Canada Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot

Through the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot, the Government of Canada works with small and remote communities in Ontario, Western Canada and the three territories to attract and retain foreign workers.

The five-year pilot supports eligible communities to:

  • utilize immigration to help meet local labour market needs and support regional economic development;
  • establish a new pathway to permanent residence in rural Canada for skilled foreign nationals at various skill levels; and
  • create welcoming environments that attract and integrate newcomers.

What is the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot?

The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot is community-driven, which means participating communities take the lead in attracting new immigrants and matching them with local job vacancies, promoting a welcoming community, and connecting newcomers to established members of the community and its settlement services.

Community and Economic Development Organization Roles and Responsibilities

Communities must work with a local economic development organization to fulfil the pilot's eligibility criteria.

Selected communities and local economic development organizations must:

  • organize key players within the community, including employers, to identify opportunities where immigration can best support the local economy and share the importance and value of immigration with the community;
  • promote the pilot and the community to eligible foreign nationals;
  • recruit and assess suitable candidates for immigration by considering the economic needs of the community and an employment opportunity for the candidate;
  • prepare the community for the arrival of new immigrants by working with partners that provide services and develop strong support networks for new immigrants;
  • promote the integration of new immigrants in the community by connecting newcomers with established members of the community and settlement/social services (i.e. housing, education, transportation, and health care);
  • monitor and report on the results of the pilot in the community.

Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Community Eligibility

To be considered eligible to participate in the pilot, the community must:

  • have a population of 50,000 people or less and be located at least 75 km from the core of a Census Metropolitan Area OR up to 200,000 people and be considered remote from other larger cities (using Statistics Canada’s index of remoteness)
  • be located in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Saskatchewan and Yukon;
  • have job opportunities;
  • have an economic development plan;
  • have a local economic development organization that can manage the pilot for your community;
  • have the capacity to settle new immigrants in the community by having or developing:
    • relationships with local or regional immigrant-serving organizations;
    • opportunities to connect newcomers with established members of the community, such as through mentoring or networking;
    • access to key services like education, housing, transportation, and health care.

How to Immigrate under the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot

The Government of Canada is yet to announce details on the immigration process through the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot. This page will be updated once further details on applicant requirements are provided by the government.

8. AGRI-FOOD IMMIGRATION PILOT

Canada Agri-Food Immigration Pilot

Canada’s Agriculture and Agri-Food industry is a vital component of the Canadian economy and contributes more than $110 billion annually to the country’s gross domestic product.

In order to attract and retain the workers needed to sustain and grow this output, the Government of Canada introduced the three-year Agri-Food Immigration Pilot to provide eligible temporary foreign workers in the sector with a pathway to Canadian permanent residence.

NOTE: The Government of Canada says details on how individuals can apply for Canadian permanent residence through the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot will only be available in early 2020.

Agri-Food Immigration Pilot: Eligible occupations

The occupations and industries eligible under the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot include:

  • meat processing
    • retail butcher
    • industrial butcher
    • food processing labourer
  • harvesting labourer for year-round mushroom production and greenhouse crop production
  • general farm worker for year-round mushroom production, greenhouse crop production, or livestock raising
  • farm supervisor and specialized livestock worker for meat processing, year-round mushroom production, greenhouse crop production or livestock raising

Agri-Food Immigration Pilot: Eligibility requirements

Candidates with work experience in the above occupations must also meet the following eligibility requirements in order to be considered for Canadian permanent residence under the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot.

  • 12 months of full-time, non-seasonal Canadian work experience in the Temporary Foreign Worker Program in one of the eligible occupations.
  • a Canadian Language Benchmark level 4 in English or French
  • the foreign equivalent of a high school level education or greater
  • an indeterminate job offer for full-time, non-seasonal work in Canada, outside of Quebec, at or above the prevailing wage.

Agri-Food Immigration Pilot: 2-year LMIA for employers

Eligible employers in the meat processing sector who use the pilot will be issued a two-year Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

In order to be eligible, meat processors will be required to outline their plans to support the temporary foreign worker in obtaining permanent residency.

Unionized meat processors will require a letter of support from their union and non-unionized meat processors will have to meet additional requirements to ensure the labour market and migrant workers are protected, IRCC says.

9. FAMILY SPONSORSHIP

What are your options for Canadian Family Class Sponsorship?

Many Canadian citizens and permanent residents have loved ones abroad that they wish they could bring to Canada.

The Canadian government offers a number of ways to allow this dream to become a reality under its Family Class Sponsorship class. Canada's Family Class Sponsorship programs are some of the most generous family reunification programs in the developed world. After all, the Canadian government is committed to keeping families together whenever possible.

There are a number of relationships that qualify for Family Class Sponsorship, including spouses and common-law partnersparents and grandparents, and dependent children. For parents and grandparents, there is also the Super Visa program.

Which Family Class Sponsorship program is right for you?

I have a parent or grandparent that I would like to bring to Canada.

There are a number of ways to bring a parent or grandparent to Canada, including Canada's parents and grandparents sponsorship program, which has a yearly cap on the number of applications that are accepted. Once this cap is reached, there is still the Super Visa Program which allows parents and grandparents to come to Canada on extended multi-entry visas that could last up to a total of 10 years. No matter which program you choose, it is important that you ensure that the parent or grandparent meets the eligibility requirements and that the sponsor themselves meet Canada's sponsorship requirements. To learn more about these requirements and how they can be met, start your free assessment today.

I would like to bring my spouse or common law partner to Canada

The process of bringing a spouse to Canada can present a number of options to the applicant that should be carefully weighed. For example, there exist two types of federal spousal sponsorship: inland and outland. Each of those two options carries its own benefits and disadvantages. It is also important to ensure that the spouse or common law partner meets the eligibility requirements and that the sponsor themselves meet Canada's sponsorship requirements. There also may be a number of Provincial Family Class Sponsorship programs available to you. To find out if you are eligible for spousal sponsorship, start your free assessment today.

I have a dependent child that I would like to bring to Canada.

If you are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and have a dependent child abroad that you would like to bring to Canada, you likely may do so under Canada's dependent child sponsorship program. As with all sponsorship programs, it is important that the dependent child meets the eligibility requirements and that the sponsor themselves meet Canada's sponsorship requirements. To find out if you are eligible for one of the Family Class programs, we encourage you to start a free assessment today.

I have another relative or friend that I would like to bring to Canada.

Occasionally, a province in Canada may offer Canadian immigration options for relatives of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. Canadian immigration programs are subject to change, so we encourage you to start your free assessment, and we will match your individual qualifications and goals against the programs that are currently available.

Available Sponsorship Programs

  • Spousal and Common-law Partner Sponsorship
  • Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship
  • Parent and Grandparent Super Visa
  • Dependent Child sponsorship

SPOUSAL AND COMMON-LAW PARTNER SPONSORSHIP

Spousal And Common-law Partner Sponsorship

The objective of the Family Class of immigration is to reunite close family members in Canada.

The Family Class allows Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their dependent children, parents and grandparents, and spouse or common-law/conjugal partner. Canada strongly supports keeping families together whenever possible. As such, the processing of Family Class applications is given the highest priority at Canadian Visa Offices.

The Spousal Sponsorship Category

The Spousal Sponsorship program is a subsection of the Family Class immigration category. Under this program, a Canadian citizen or permanent resident may sponsor a spouse or common-law partner for Canadian permanent residence.

Both the Canadian citizen or permanent resident (also called the 'sponsor') and the foreign national (the 'sponsored person') must be approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in order for the sponsored person to receive a visa.

In order to receive a visa through this immigration program, the sponsor and sponsored person must prove that their relationship qualifies under one of three categories:

  • Spouse
  • Common-law Partner
  • Conjugal Partner

NOTE: Canada recognizes same-sex marriage, and same-sex partners may be eligible to apply under any of the above three categories, provided they meet all eligibility requirements.

Outland Sponsorship

An Outland application is generally pursued when the sponsored partner is living outside of Canada. However, Outland applicants can still be in Canada and apply through the Outland program and may be permitted to travel in and out of Canada throughout the application process. Outland applications are processed through the visa office that serves the applicant’s country of origin, or where they have resided legally for at least one year.

Inland Sponsorship

The other potential option for Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship is the Inland route. Inland sponsorship is when the couple is together in Canada and the foreign spouse/common-law partner has temporary status in Canada, either as a worker, student, or visitor. The person being sponsored may be eligible for an Open Work Permit, allowing him or her to work for any employer in Canada while the sponsorship application is being processed.

After Sponsorship

Permanent residence granted under the Spousal Sponsorship program carries certain conditions that must be met:

  • The sponsor is financially responsible for the person sponsored for three years after the sponsored person becomes a permanent resident.
  • Individuals who come to Canada as spouses are themselves barred from sponsoring a spouse in turn for five years after receiving Canadian permanent residence.

Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship

Canadian citizens and permanent residents may bring their parents and grandparents to Canada through one of two popular programs: the Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) and/or the Super Visa program.

Note: Potential sponsors, who have received an invitation to apply for sponsorship between April 24 and April 27, 2019, must submit a complete application to the Canadian government on or before June 28, 2019.

Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP)

Canada's Family Class sponsorship program includes a stream dedicated to parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents. Parents and grandparents approved under this program receive Canadian permanent residence and may eventually be able to apply for Canadian citizenship.

To be eligible for Canada's Parents and Grandparents Program, an individual must meet:

  • Be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident of Canada, or a registered Indian under the Canadian Indian Act;
  • Be 18 years of age or older;
  • Be residing in Canada (potential applicants will need to provide a proof of status during the Interest to Sponsor phase);
  • Exceed the minimum necessary income level for this program (if married or in a common-law relationship, the income of both the sponsor and spouse can be included) and provide proof of income to IRCC; and
  • Sign an undertaking
    • to financially support the sponsored for 20 years (starting when they become permanent residents); and
    • to repay any social assistance benefits paid to the sponsored family members (if applicable) for a period of 20 years.
    • If the sponsor resides in Quebec, an additional "undertaking" must be signed with the province of Quebec.

Applicants to the PGP will have to prove that they meet the minimum income requirements by submitting notices of assessment issued by the Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA) in support of their application.

PGP Updates for 2019

In an effort to improve the application process, IRCC replaced its controversial randomized application process with a "first-in, first-served" model for the 2019 in-take cycle.

IRCC has a 2019 quota of up to 20,000 complete applications through the PGP. Invitations to apply to the program will be issued based on the order Interest to Sponsor forms were received once the forms are reviewed for eligibility.

Completing the online Interest to Sponsor Form on IRCC's website was the first step to the Parent and Grandparent sponsorship process.

PGP 2019 Interest to Sponsor Form

Prior to submitting the Interest to Sponsor form, IRCC encourages potential sponsors to gather the required information, including proof of status in Canada.

Individuals completing the form will need to provide the following information:

  • Family name(s) (also known as last name, surname) and their given name(s) (also known as first name).
  • Date of birth
  • Country or territory of birth
  • Primary residential address in Canada
  • Email address for communication with IRCC
  • Number of family members
  • Total number of persons the individual wishes to sponsor, including dependents (spouse/partner and children)
  • Names of the parents and grandparents the individual want to sponsor and their date of birth
  • Electronic signature; and
  • Proof of status in Canada document number.

For the January 2019 Interest to Sponsor Form submission period, potential sponsors were able to submit one of the following documents as proof of status in Canada:

  • Permanent resident card (both sides)
  • Record of landing (IMM 1000) (only if the interested sponsor didn’t receive a PR Card)
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688)
  • Canadian Citizenship Certificate or card (both sides)
  • Canadian birth certificate
    • If the interested sponsor was born in Quebec, IRCC will only accept a birth certificate from the Directeur de l’État civil.
  • Canadian passport (pages showing passport number, date of issue and expiration, photo, name, surname, place and date of birth)
  • Secure certificate of Indian status

As part of the Government of Canada's multi-year immigration levels plan, the 2019 admission target for the PGP is set at 20,500 and will rise to 21,000 in 2020.

Who is not eligible to sponsor a parent or grandparent

Individuals are not eligible to sponsor a parent and/or grandparent if they:

  • Are less than 18 years old;
  • Will not live in Canada when applying to sponsor the parent and/or grandparent and/or when the sponsored parent and/or grandparent becomes a permanent resident;
    • A a potential sponsor, an applicant's primary residential address must be in Canada at the time of applying and until a decision is made on the application.
  • Are not Canadian citizens, permanent residents of Canada, or a registered Indian in Canada;
  • Are a temporary resident who is visiting, studying or working in Canada on a visa or permit;
  • Have a permanent residence application that is still in process
    • A potential sponsor must have permanent resident status at the time of submitting the sponsorship application.
  • Cannot show proof of income that demonstrates they has the required Minimum Necessary Income (MNI).

In addition, individuals may not be eligible to sponsor a parent and grandparent if they:

  • Are in jail, prison, or penitentiary
  • Did not pay back:
    • an immigration loan
    • a performance bond
    • court-ordered family support payments such as alimony or child support
  • Did not give the financial support they agreed to when signing a sponsorship agreement to sponsor a relative in the past
  • Declared bankruptcy and are not discharged
  • Receive social assistance for a reason other than a disability
  • Were convicted of a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence inside or outside Canada
  • Cannot legally stay in Canada and must leave the country because they received a Removal Order.

IRCC may have additional reasons for considering a person ineligible to sponsor a parent and/or grandparent.

Parents and Grandparents Super Visa Program

Canadian citizens and/or permanent residents have another option to bring a parent or grandparent to Canada.

The Super Visa Program allows parents and grandparents to come to Canada as long-term visitors on a multi-entry visa that remains valid for up to 10 years. Unlike standard visitor visas, a Super Visa allows visa holders to stay in Canada for up to two years on initial entry to Canada.

To be eligible for the Super Visa program, parents and grandparents must meet standard visitor visa requirements. In addition, they must:

  • Provide a written commitment of financial support from their child or grandchild in Canada;
  • Show that the sponsor in Canada meets minimum income requirements;
  • Prove they have purchased Canadian health insurance for at least one year; and
  • Complete an immigration medical examination.

Depending on their nationality, parents/grandparents may require a Temporary Resident Visa in addition to the Super Visa.

Parent And Grandparent Super Visa

The Parent and Grandparent Super Visa allows the parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents to come to Canada as visitors for a period of up to two consecutive years at their initial visit without having to renew their status.

The visa can remain valid for up to 10 years, allowing for re-entry during this period of time. The Super Visa presents older generations of a family to visit loved ones in Canada for an extended period without work rights.

Who Can Apply for the Super Visa?

Parents or grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents may be eligible to apply for the Super Visa. The applicants cannot be inadmissible to Canada on the basis of health or security, and they may be required to meet specific conditions set forth by the visa office through which they will be applying.

It is important to note that no dependents can be included in this application. Only parents or grandparents, together with their spouses or common-law partners, may be included on an application for the Super Visa.

Applicants from TRV and TRV-Exempt Countries

The Super Visa is ideal for parents and grandparents living in countries that require a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) for entry to Canada. By obtaining the super visa, they will be able to travel freely between Canada and their country of residence without the worry and hassle of regularly re-applying for a TRV.

They may also apply using the same application process. Instead of being issued a visa, however, they will be given an official letter from Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) that will authorize their visit for up to two years at their initial entry.

The Application Process

The application process is similar to that for a regular TRV. However, additional documentation is required to ensure that the parents and grandparents will be well supported during their time in Canada. This requirement includes:

  • A letter of invitation from the child or grandchild residing in Canada;
  • Documents that prove the child or grandchild meets the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO) minimum (see table below);
  • Proof of parental relationship with child or grandchild, such as a birth certificate that names him or her as a parent; and
  • Proof of medical insurance coverage for at least one year with a Canadian insurance company.

Minimum income requirements

Size of Family UnitMinimum necessary income
1 person (your child or grandchild)$24,949
2 persons$31,061
3 persons$38,185
4 persons$46,362
5 persons$52,583
6 persons$59,304
7 or more$66,027
More than 7 persons, for each additional person, add$6,723

The application should be processed at the Canadian visa office responsible for the applicant’s place of residence outside of Canada. Depending on the visa office, additional documentation may be needed.

The complete application will be assessed with regard to a number of factors. The purpose of the visit to Canada will be examined, as well as whether parents or grandparents will maintain sufficient ties to their home country. This can be illustrated by showing family ties, finances, and other connections that lie outside of Canada.

All Super Visa applicants will be required to undergo a medical examination. Forms and instructions for this examination will be issued by the visa office after the application has been submitted.

If you would like to know more about Canada’s Super Visa option, you may call +2349090851112 or email info@rankoraconsulting.com

Dependent Child Sponsorship

The Dependent Child Sponsorship Program

This program allows Canadian citizens or permanent residents to bring their dependent natural or dependent adopted children to Canada. Dependent children, both natural and adopted, may be sponsored to live with their parent(s) as permanent residents in Canada. The child sponsorship program is a subsection of the Family Class of immigration.

In order to be eligible for this program, both the Canadian citizen or permanent resident (also called the 'sponsor') and their child abroad (the 'sponsored person') must be approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in order for the sponsored person to receive a visa.

To receive a visa through this immigration program, the sponsor and the sponsored person will be required to prove their relationship to one another. Individuals whose adoption proceedings are in the final phases of processing may begin sponsoring their child before the adoption has been finalized. Be sure to read the specific requirements for the program, as well as some additional general requirements for Canadian sponsorship.

After Sponsorship

Children sponsored through the Family Class of immigration receive Canadian permanent residence. This includes the right to study and work in Canada.

10. CAREGIVER PATHWAYS TO PERMANENT RESIDENT

Canada Caregivers: Pathways to Permanent Residence

Canada has a number of immigration pathways to facilitate permanent residence in Canada for eligible foreign caregivers.

NOTE:

  • The Interim Pathway for Caregivers reopened for applications on July 8, 2019, for three months.
  • New Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots launched June 18, 2019, and replaced the Caring for Children and Caring for People with High Medical Needs pilots.

This page provides information on both active and recently terminated pathways to permanent residence for caregivers:

Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)

Although the LCP is officially closed to new applicants, individuals can apply for permanent residence through the program if they have at least two years of work experience in the program and:

  • They are already working in Canada with an LCP work permit; or
  • They were approved for their first LCP work permit based on an employer's positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)application submitted on or before November 30, 2014.

Caring for Children (*terminated June 18, 2019)

In order to qualify for Canadian Immigration under the Caring for Children program, caregivers must:

  • Have a minimum of 24 months (within the past four years, or 48 months) of full-time work experience (at least 30 hours per week) in Canada as a home childcare provider, with a valid work permit;
    • Note: Applicants can have breaks in employment (for example, periods where you were not employed, sick leave, parental leave)
  • Meet the description of a home childcare provider as defined by NOC 4411;
    • Applicants will need to show they performed the duties in the job description, including most of the main duties listed.
  • Have completed a one-year Canadian post-secondary credential, or equivalent foreign credential proven with an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA); and
  • Prove minimum language ability of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 for one of Canada's two official languages, English or French.

Applicants must have cared for children under the age of 18, in their own home or in their employer’s home. Caregivers do not need to have lived in their employer’s home to be considered eligible. Foster parents are not eligible to apply under this program.

Caring for People with High Medical Needs (*terminated June 18, 2019)

In order to qualify for Canadian Immigration under the Caring for People with High Medical Needs program, caregivers must have:

  • A minimum of 24 months (within the past four years, or 48 months) of full-time work experience (at least 30 hours per week) in Canada as:
    • Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses (3012)
    • Licensed practical nurses (3233)
    • Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates (3413)
    • Home support workers and related occupations (4412)
      • Housekeepers are not eligible under this occupation classification.
  • Demonstrate a license to practice in Canada if work experience in Canada was as a registered nurse or registered psychiatric nurse (NOC 3012) or as a licensed practical nurse (NOC 3233);
  • Have completed a one-year Canadian post-secondary credential, or equivalent foreign credential proven with an ECA; and
  • Prove minimum language ability for one of Canada's two official languages, English or French.
    • NOC 3012 must demonstrate CLB 7
    • NOC 3233, 3413, OR 4412 must demonstrate CLB 5

Note: Applicants can have breaks in employment (for example, periods where you were not employed, sick leave, parental leave).

Interim Pathway for Caregivers (*reopened to applications July 8, 2019, for three months)

The Interim Pathway for Caregivers is for caregivers who:

  • Are authorized to work in Canada on a work permit other than a Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) work permit (at the time of applying);
  • Intend to reside in a province or territory other than Quebec;
  • Have acquired at least one year of full-time Canadian work experience in an eligible caregiver occupation, since November 30, 2014;
    • Eligible caregiver occupation includes: Home child care provider — National Occupational Classification (NOC) Group 4411; and/or Home support worker — NOC Group 4412
  • Have a Canadian high school diploma, or equivalent foreign credential proven with an ECA; and
  • Have a minimum proficiency in English or French equivalent to a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 for all four language abilities (reading, writing, speaking and listening).

Candidates whose educational credential was obtained outside Canada and who cannot obtain an ECA before the Interim Pathway for Caregivers closes on June 4, 2019, are still eligible if they provide proof that they have applied to get an ECA. This proof includes written confirmation from an IRCC-approved agency that they have submitted a request for an ECA and/or receipt of payment.

There is no maximum number of applications that IRCC will accept through the Interim Pathway for Caregivers.

Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker Pilots (*effective June 18, 2019)

The Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot replace the Caring for Children and Caring for People with High Medical Needs pilots and provide eligible caregivers with a pathway to permanent residence once they’ve acquired two years of Canadian work experience.

Caregivers with work experience in NOC 4411 (excluding foster parents) will be eligible for permanent residence through the Home Child Care Provider Pilot.

Caregivers with work experience in NOC 4412 (excluding housekeepers) will be eligible for permanent residence through the Home Support Worker Pilot.

Both the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot will only provide work permits to caregivers who have a job offer in Canada and who meet the following criteria:

  • Language tests results showing a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5;
  • One year of Canadian post-secondary education or the foreign equivalent; and
  • Admissible to Canada.

Caregivers already working in Canada on a work permit who meet these criteria can also apply for permanent residence through the new pilots.

Each program will accept a maximum of 2,750 principal applicants each, for a total of 5,500 principal applicants, per year.

The pilots also provide:

  • Occupation-specific work permits for caregivers, providing the ability to change jobs quickly if necessary.
  • Open work permits for spouses/common-law partners and study permits for dependent children, to allow the caregiver’s family to accompany them to Canada.

Employers hiring a caregiver from overseas will no longer need a Labour Market Impact Assessment.

Canada Caregivers: Questions and Answers

1. Which caregiver permanent residence pathways are currently open?

Canada's Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot opened June 18, 2019, and replaced the Caring for Children and Caring for People with High Medical Needs pilots.

Note: The Interim Pathway for Caregivers reopened for applications on July 8, 2019, for three months.

2. Can I apply for permanent residence under the closed Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)?

Caregivers with two years work experience under the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) may apply for permanent residence in Canada if they also are already working in Canada with a LCP work permit, or were approved for their first LCP work permit based on a LMIA on or before November 30, 2014.

3.  Who can apply to the Interim Pathway for Caregivers?

Caregivers who have at least one year of work experience in Canada as a home childcare provider (NOC 4411) or home support worker (NOC 4412) accumulated since November 30, 2014, may be able to apply for permanent residence through the Interim Pathway for Caregivers.

4. Can I apply to the Interim Pathway for Caregivers while outside Canada?

It depends on your status at the time of applying. When applying for permanent residence through the Interim Pathway, individuals must:

  • have a valid work permit, or
  • have applied to extend their work permit and be waiting on a decision, or
  • have applied to restore your status as a worker.

It is important to note that IRCC will consider you ineligible for the Interim Pathway if:

  • your application to extend your work permit is refused
  • your application to restore your status as a worker is refused
  • your current work permit is in the LCP, or
  • you are applying to extend your work permit or restore your status and your most recent work permit was under the LCP.

5. Who is not eligible to apply to the Interim Pathway for Caregivers?

Individuals are not eligible for the Interim Pathway for Caregivers if:

  • Their application to extend their work permit is refused
  • Their application to restore status as a worker is refused
  • Their current work permit is in the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP), or
  • They are applying to extend their work permit or restore their status and their most recent work permit was under the LCP.

6. How do the Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker Pilots differ from the previous programs?

Under the new pilots, IRCC will issue eligible caregivers’ occupation-specific work permits rather than an employer-specific work permit. This means caregivers will have the freedom to change employers if need be. Also, family members of caregivers working in Canada will be eligible for open work permits or study permits.

7. Can I apply to the caregiver programs with Quebec work experience and move to another province?

Yes. You can use your work experience in Quebec to apply for permanent residence through one of the caregiver programs if you plan to live in a province other than Quebec. You may wish to include supporting documentation with your application to help prove that you plan to live elsewhere in Canada.

11. BUSINESS IMMIGRATION

What are your options for Canadian Business Immigration?

If you are a business person or manager looking to immigrate to Canada, the Canadian federal and provincial governments offer a number of options that may allow you to fast-track the Canadian immigration process.

Business immigration to Canada: An Introduction

Through Canada's Business Class immigration programs, Canada aims to attract individuals that have a significant ability to contribute to the Canadian economy. These programs are offered with the goal of promoting economic development and bettering the job market by attracting investors, entrepreneurs, and self-employed individuals from outside Canada with available venture capital, significant business acumen, and entrepreneurial skills.

Business Class immigration also seeks to develop new commercial opportunities in Canada and to improve Canada's access to growing foreign markets by welcoming foreign nationals who are familiar with those markets and their unique requirements and customs.

If this option sounds well-suited to your experience and goals, there are several immigration pathways from which to choose. Depending on where you plan to reside, you may choose to apply through one of the programs offered by a particular province, such as the Quebec business immigration programs, or by the federal government. Get started exploring your options by starting a free assessment, and we will be pleased to discuss your Business Class immigration options with you.

Which Canadian Business Class immigration program is best for you?

·         I have a significant net worth and am ready to invest in a Canadian business

Depending on the amount of funds that you have available to invest in Canada, there may be a number of options available to you. For instance, the Quebec Immigrant Investor program allows individuals to immigrate to Canada by making a government-secured, passive investment. If you are looking for a more active investment, there are a number of Entrepreneur and Provincial Nominee programs available for immigration, which will require you to invest in and operate a business in Canada. You may also wish to explore the Entrepreneur Start-Up Visa Program. Since there are so many options available to you, we encourage you to fill out a free assessment to take advantage of our extensive experience and discuss your options with a specialist.

  • I am looking to operate a business in Canada

Your business management and ownership experience may make you eligible for a number of entrepreneur categories within the Provincial Nominee Programs and at the federal level, or for the business immigration programs offered by Quebec.

  • I am looking to move to the province of Quebec

The province of Quebec offers the most well-established Business Immigration programs. If you are considering living in the province of Quebec, we encourage you to explore Quebec's Investor Immigration Program, as well as its Entrepreneur Immigration Program.

  • I would like to move to one of the other provinces in Canada

Each province encourages the immigration of entrepreneurs and business managers through their Provincial Nominee Programs. These programs require that you make an active investment of either your capital or management abilities in a business located in one of Canada's provinces. There are a number of programs available depending on which province you are considering for your new Canadian home.

  • I am self employed and well established in my field

Canada welcomes self-employed individuals in a variety of fields based on their success and the reputation that they have established in their field. These fields range from farming to athletics to the arts.

Available Business Immigration programs

  • Investor Immigration
  • Entrepreneur Immigration
  • Self Employed Immigration
  • Entrepreneur Start-Up Visas
  • Provincial Nomination

INVESTOR IMMIGRATION

Business Investor Programs

These immigration programs are for individuals with a certain net worth and enough capital to make an investment in the Canadian economy.

Depending on your net worth, ability and willingness to invest in Canada, managerial skills and business acumen, investing in Canada could be a route to permanent residence.

Quebec Investor Program

Immigrant investors and their family members can obtain Canadian immigration (permanent resident) visas by investing CAD $1.2 million for five years with a subsidiary of Investissement Quebec. Applicants to the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP) must intend to reside in the province of Quebec.

Canada Entrepreneur Immigration

Individuals with a certain net worth and business management experience who plan to run a business in Canada may be able to submit an application.

Canada, with one of the most business-friendly economies in the world, is a hugely attractive country in which to develop and build a new business idea.

If you're looking to immigrate to Canada as an entrepreneur in the Canadian economy, the government of Canada, as well as certain Canadian provinces, present some enticing options.

Start-up Visa Program

The Start-Up Visa Program encourages immigrant entrepreneurs to grow their companies in Canada. Successful applicants link with private sector organizations in Canada, where they can receive funding, guidance and expertise in opening and operating their enterprise in Canada. With the Start-Up Visa, Canada is targeting entrepreneurs who have the potential to build innovative companies that can compete on a global scale and create jobs.

Quebec Entrepreneur Program

The Quebec Entrepreneur category of Canadian immigration was designed to allow qualified business owners and managers the opportunity to obtain Canadian permanent residence, provided that they can effectively create or acquire an agricultural, commercial or industrial business in the province of Quebec.

Provincial Entrepreneur Programs

Canada's provinces offer a range of entrepreneur categories within their Provincial Nominee Programs. Through one of these categories, immigrant entrepreneurs can settle in a specific province.

Canada Self-Employed Immigration

These programs allow self-employed individuals with significant experience in certain trades and professions to make an application for Canadian immigration.

The government of Canada, as well as the government of the province of Quebec, provide immigration programs for individuals who are self-employed in certain industries.

Federal Self-Employed Persons Program

To qualify for business immigration to Canada under the Self-Employed Persons Program, an applicant must demonstrate that he or she has relevant agricultural, artistic, or athletic experience that will allow the applicant to be successfully self-employed in Canada and to make a significant contribution to his or her field.

Quebec Self-Employed Category

The Quebec Self-Employed category of Canadian immigration was designed to allow qualified individuals the opportunity to obtain Canadian permanent residence provided that they can effectively establish themselves in the Province of Quebec by practicing a trade or profession for their own account.

The Entrepreneur Start-Up Visa Program

With funding and support from a designated Canadian investment organization, individuals with a plan for a unique business may be able to acquire this visa.

The Start-Up Visa program grants permanent residence to immigrant entrepreneurs while assisting them to become established in Canada.

The program encourages immigrant entrepreneurs to grow their companies in Canada. Successful applicants link with private sector organizations in Canada, where they can receive funding, guidance and expertise in opening and operating their enterprise in Canada.

Eligibility Requirements

The purpose of this program is to recruit innovative foreign national entrepreneurs who will create new jobs and drive economic growth.

In order to be eligible, applicants for a Start-Up Visa must meet the following requirements:

  • Meet minimum language requirements in English or French (CLB 5 in all abilities);
  • Have sufficient funds to settle in Canada;
  • Plan to settle in a province other than the Province of Quebec;
  • Pass Canadian security and medical clearances;
  • Prove your business is supported through a designated organization; and
  • Show your business meets ownership requirements.

No more than five foreign nationals may apply for permanent residence as part of the same business venture under the Start-Up Visa Program.

Investment Details

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has designated a number of venture capital funds, angel investor groups, and business incubator organizations to participate in the Start-Up Visa program.

Successful applicants are required to secure a minimum investment for their Canadian start-up. If coming from a designated Canadian venture capital fund, the investment must be at least $200,000. If coming from an angel investor group, it should be at least $75,000.

Applicants do not need to secure any investment from a business incubator. However, applicants must be accepted into a Canadian business incubator program.

Applicants are not required to invest any of their own money. If their Canadian start-up is unsuccessful, individuals granted permanent residence through this program will retain their permanent resident status.

Evidence of Commitment

In order to demonstrate that the applicant has obtained support from either a venture capital fund, angel investor group, or business incubator, the investor organization must submit a completed Commitment Certificate directly to IRCC. This document includes information regarding the agreement between the applicant and the investment organization. Its purpose is to summarize the relevant details of the commitment between the investment organization and the applicant.

In addition, the applicant will receive a letter of support from the investment organization, which the applicant will need to submit with their application for permanent residence. If there are two or more applicants as part of the same business venture, the commitment by the investment organization can be conditional upon one or more “essential persons” receiving their permanent residence. An essential person is someone who has been specifically identified as essential to the business by the investment organization. If for any reason the application of an essential person is refused, the applications of all others included in the Commitment Certificate will also be refused.

If there are two or more applicants as part of the same business venture, the commitment by the investment organization can be conditional upon one or more “essential person(s)” receiving their permanent residence. An essential person is someone who has been specifically identified as essential to the business by the investment organization. If for any reason the application of an essential person is refused, the applications of all others included in the Commitment Certificate will also be refused.

Support from Multiple Organizations

Applicants may receive support from multiple designated organizations, known as syndication. In this instance, all entities involved must be identified. Together, the designated organizations will provide IRCC with a single Commitment Certificate and one Letter of Support will be provided to the applicant(s).

As soon as a designated venture capital firm invests in a business, the minimum total investment amount that must be invested in that business is $200,000, even if a designated angel group also invests in the same business.

If the business receives support from at least one designated angel group, but not designated venture capital groups, then the minimum total investment amount that must be invested in that business is $75,000.

Peer Review Process

In order to protect this pilot program against fraud, a peer review process has been included. It is designed to make sure that the deals made between the investment organizations and foreign national entrepreneurs are legitimate. An immigration officer may ask for a commitment to be independently assessed by a peer review panel. These panels have been established by an industry association that represents the type of investment organization making the commitment. For example, in the case of an angel investor group, the National Angel Capital Organization would be responsible for establishing the peer review panel.

Alternatively, if the group making the commitment is a venture capital fund, Canada’s Venture Capital and Private Equity Association would be responsible. While the peer review can be requested if the immigration officer believes that it would assist them in making a decision, they can also be initiated on a random basis. The assessment made by the peer review panel is not considered binding on the immigration officer. It will only confirm that the investment organization has carried out the proper checks and investigations according to industry standards. It will not provide an opinion on the wisdom or feasibility of the proposal in question.

The Peer review examines the level of due diligence that was performed by the designated organization and:

  • ensures that the company has been or will be incorporated in Canada;
  • ensures that business ownership has been verified and satisfies program requirements;
  • ensures that the designated organization has considered the viability of the proposed business model, assessed the business venture's management team and verified the ownership of the intellectual property;
  • makes sure the focus of the business is on a high-growth potential product and/or service; and
  • validates, for business incubator applicants, acceptance into an incubator program.

As this is a pilot program, it will only process a maximum of 2,750 applications per year. Moreover, the duration of the program is limited to five years. If this pilot program proves successful, the Canadian Government may choose to establish the Start-Up Visa Program permanently before the end of the five-year period.

PROVINCIAL NOMINATION

Canada Business Immigration Programs - Federal, Quebec and PNPs

Depending upon the Province, a number of immigration programs may be available for those looking to operate a business in that province.

Many provinces have business immigration options that are part of their Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). In addition, Quebec and the Government of Canada operate popular business immigration programs.

Provinces can nominate eligible business immigration candidates for permanent residence. If you are interested in business immigration options in one of the provinces listed below, or are considering applying to Quebec or through the federal government's Start-Up Visa Program, you can review and compare the eligibility requirements and application processes below in order to learn which is best suited to your circumstances.

Quebec Immigrant Investor Program

ProgramQuebec Immigrant Investor Program - A new application intake period began on September 10, 2018, and is scheduled to run until August 31, 2019. However, candidates with approved language test results showing an intermediate-advanced proficiency in Speaking and Reading in French will have until October 31, 2019 to apply.
Minimum Net WorthCAD $2,000,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $1,200,000 risk-free through an approved financial intermediary or by financing that investment.
Experience2 years of business management experience in the past 5 years prior to the submission of an application in a specific enterprise (agricultural, commercial, or industrial, OR management experience in a governmental or international organization) and in a position defined as full-time.
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleNo active managerial role required to apply
Business PlanNone
Exploratory VisitRecommended
InterviewMay be required as part of the application review.
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitPR after first obtaining Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ)
Additional RequirementsBackground check and medical examination

 

Quebec Entrepreneur Program

ProgramQuebec Entrepreneur Program — A new application intake period began on August 15, 2018, and is scheduled to run until October 31, 2019.
Minimum Net Worth*CAD $900,000 of financial resources.
Business ownership/operation*Holds and controls, alone or with the accompanying spouse or common-law partner at minimum 25% of the equity of the enterprise he or she creates or at least 51% of the equity of the enterprise he or she acquires.
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business ProjectRequired
Exploratory VisitRecommended
InterviewRequired as a final step in the application process
Start-up deposit*CAD $300,000 for a business in the the metropolitan area of Montreal or CAD $200,000 for a business outside the metropolitan area of Montreal.
PR/Work permitPR after first obtaining Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ)
Additional Requirements

Submit a contract to prove financial self-sufficiency and demonstrate a secondary school general diploma level of education.

Provide a performance guarantee deposit of $200,000 that is refundable if certain conditions are met.*

* This requirement applies only to Component Two of the Entrepreneur program.

Quebec Self-Employed Worker Program

ProgramQuebec Self-Employed Worker Program — The Quebec government reached the intake quota allocated for this Quebec immigration category in December 2018. However, candidates with approved language test results showing an intermediate-advanced proficiency in Speaking and Reading in French can still apply and have until October 31, 2019, to do so.
Minimum Net WorthCAD $100,000
Minimum InvestmentNot required
Experience2 years of self-employed experience in the profession or trade the applicant intends to practice in Quebec
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanNone
Exploratory VisitRecommended
InterviewMay be required as part of the application review
Start-up depositRegister a start-up deposit of at least CAD $50,000 at a local financial institution if based in the metropolitan area of Montreal or at least CAD $25,000 if based outside of Montreal.
PR/Work permitPR after first obtaining Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ)
Additional RequirementsSubmit a contract to prove financial self-sufficiency and demonstrate a secondary school general diploma level of education.

 

Federal Start-Up Visa Program

ProgramStart-Up Visa Program 
Minimum Net WorthN/A
Minimum InvestmentCAD $200,000 if the investment comes from a designated Canadian venture capital fund or designated incubators OR CAD $75,000 if it comes from a designated Canadian angel investor group
ExperienceNo specific requirement
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanNone
Exploratory VisitNot required
InterviewUpon request by IRCC
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitPR immediately
Additional Requirements

Have the support of a designated organization that will provide the applicant with a Letter of Support.

Start-up visa applicants must give proof that they sufficient funds to support themselves and their dependants after they arrive in Canada. The amount required depends on the size of the family.

Federal Self-Employed Persons Program

ProgramSelf-Employed Person Program 
Minimum Net WorthN/A
Minimum InvestmentNot required
ExperienceAt least 2 years of relevant cultural or athletic experience in the past 5 years
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanNone
Exploratory VisitNot required
InterviewUpon request by IRCC
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitPR immediately
Additional Requirements

English/French ability and work experience in a designated occupation

All self-employed persons must establish that they have sufficient funds to support themselves and their family members for at least one year after they arrive in Canada.

Self-employed immigrants must obtain a minimum of 35 points out of 100 based on the five selection criteria and the program's unique point system.

 

Alberta Self-Employed Farmer Stream

ProgramAlberta Self-Employed Farmer Stream
Minimum Net WorthCAD $500,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $500,000 in a primary production farming business
ExperienceFarm management experience in an existing farm business
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRecommended
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining provincial nomination certificate
Additional RequirementsCanadian financial institution must finance the proposed Alberta farming business

British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) — Entrepreneur Immigration Stream

ProgramBC PNP Entrepreneur Immigration
Minimum Net WorthCAD $600,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $200,000 OR CAD $400,000 if proposing a Key Staff Member
Experience3 + years of business ownership or management experience OR 4 + years of senior management experience OR 1+ year of business ownership & management experience and 2+ years of senior management experience within the last 10 years.
EOI SystemYes (province publishes info on previous draws)
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRecommended
InterviewUpon request of BC PNP
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permit2-year work period before Letter of Acceptance to apply for Permanent Residence (PR); PR contingent on implementation of the business proposal
Additional RequirementsCreate at least one permanent, full-time job for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident with the proposed business

 

British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) — Entrepreneur Immigration — Regional Pilot

ProgramBC PNP Entrepreneur Immigration — Regional Pilot (launched on March 14, 2019)
Minimum Net WorthCAD $300,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $100,000
Experience3 + years of business ownership or management experience OR 4 + years of senior management experience OR 1+ year of business ownership & management experience and 2+ years of senior management experience within the last 10 years.
EOI SystemYes (province publishes info on previous draws)
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitStrongly Recommended
InterviewUpon request of BC PNP
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitMinimum 12-month work permit period before nomination; PR contingent on implementation of business proposal
Additional RequirementsCommunity referral required to register; Must create at least one permanent, full-time job for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident

 

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program — Business Investor Stream (Entrepreneur Pathway)

ProgramManitoba Business Investor Stream — Entrepreneur Pathway
Minimum Net WorthCAD $500,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $250,000 for businesses in the Manitoba Capital Region. OR CAD $150,000 if a business is outside of the Manitoba Capital Region AND must be made in an eligible business AND must create or maintain at least one job for a Canadian citizen or a Permanent Resident in Manitoba (excluding owners of the business and/or their close relatives).
ExperienceBusiness ownership and management experience or executive-level experience in 3 of the past 5 years. AND Business owners are given higher points in comparison to senior managers. AND Business owners must have at least 33 1/3% ownership to qualify for points.
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitBusiness research visit must be conducted no more than one year prior to the submission of an EOI.
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot Required
PR/Work permitTemporary work permit; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsScore 60+ points on assessment grid
CAD $100,000 refundable deposit is not a requirement anymore.

Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program — Business Investor Stream (Farm Investor Pathway)

ProgramManitoba Business Investor Stream — Farm Investor Pathway
Minimum Net WorthCAD $500,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $300,000 tangible assets to establish a farming business in rural Manitoba AND investments in a farm business operated primarily for the purposes of deriving passive investment income or speculative purposes are not eligible.
ExperienceMinimum of three years of farm business management or farm ownership and operation experience supported by verifiable documents.
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitFarm Business Research Visit required.
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositCAD $75,000
PR/Work permitTemporary work permit; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsCAD $100,000 refundable deposit is no longer required.
  

 

New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) — Entrepreneurial Stream

ProgramNew Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) — Entrepreneurial Stream
Minimum Net WorthCAD $600,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $250,000
Experience3 out of 5 years or more in owning a business OR 5 out of 5 years or more in a senior business management role
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired, must be of economic benefit to the province
Exploratory VisitRequired
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositCAD $100,000
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining provincial nomination certificate
Additional Requirements22-55 years old
CLB 5 in English or French in reading, writing, listening and speaking

New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) — Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream

ProgramNew Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) — Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream
Minimum Net WorthN/A
Minimum InvestmentThe applicant must have 100% ownership of the equity of the eligible business
Experience6 or more years in the last 10 years in NOC O, A or B OR 1-5 years in the last 10 years in the NOC O, A or B
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanMay be requested (business must be of economic benefit to the province)
Exploratory VisitNot specified
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot specified
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining provincial nomination certificate
Additional Requirements22-40 years old
CLB 7 in English or French in reading, writing, listening and speaking
Have a valid Post-Graduation Work Permit

 

Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) — Entrepreneur Stream

ProgramNova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) — Entrepreneur Stream
Minimum Net WorthCAD $600,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $150,000
ExperienceAt least 3 years of business ownership experience including 33.3% ownership in the last 10 years OR
+5 years as senior manager in the last 10 years
EOI SystemYes (province publishes info on previous draws)
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRequired for business succession only
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitMust operate business for at least 1 year on work permit following nomination; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsSubmit an Expression of Interest (EOI)
The business must meet additional criteria
English/French minimum CLB 5

 

Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) — International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream

ProgramNova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) — International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream
Minimum Net WorthN/A
Minimum Investment100% ownership of the equity of the eligible business
ExperienceAt least 1 continuous year of business ownership experience in Nova Scotia prior to EOI submission
Completed a degree of at least 2 years' duration at a university/college in Nova Scotia
EOI SystemYes (province may publish info on draws after future draws are made; EOI must be submitted while on valid work permit)
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanNone
Exploratory VisitRequired
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining provincial nomination certificate
Additional RequirementsThe business must meet additional criteria
English/French minimum CLB 7

 

Northwest Territories Nominee Program — Entrepreneur Business Stream

ProgramNorthwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP) — Entrepreneur Business Stream
Minimum Net WorthFor businesses in Yellowknife: CAD $500,000 OR for businesses outside Yellowknife: CAD $250,000
Minimum InvestmentIn Yellowknife: CAD $300,000 & at least 33.3% ownership OR outside Yellowknife: CAD $150,000 & at least 33.3% ownership OR CAD $1,000,000 investment
ExperienceRelevant business experience required
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRequired
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositCAD $75,000
PR/Work permit2-year work permit; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional Requirements

CLB 4 in English or French

Business must generate significant benefits for the Northwest Territories, including jobs for local residents.

 

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) — Corporate Stream

Program

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)  

 Corporate Stream

Minimum Net WorthNone
Minimum InvestmentCAD $5,000,000 OR CAD $10,000,000 if the proposed business is a land development or a leasehold company
ExperienceThe international corporation must have been established for at least 36 months at the time of application
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitEncouraged
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitApplicant & key staff first obtain work permits; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsCreate 5 new jobs for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident per key staff member seeking nomination

 

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) — Entrepreneur Stream

Program

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)  

 Entrepreneur Stream

Minimum Net WorthFor businesses in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA): CAD $1,500,000 OR for businesses outside the GTA: CAD $800,000 OR for businesses in the ICT/Digital Communications sector (regardless of location): CAD $800,000
Minimum InvestmentIn the GTA: CAD $1,000,000 and ownership of 33.3% of the business OR Outside the GTA: $500,000 and ownership of 33.3% of the business OR In the ICT/Digital Communications sector: $500,000 and ownership of 33.3% of the business
ExperienceAt least 36 months of full-time business experience in the last five years as business owner or senior manager
EOI SystemYes (province publishes info on previous draws)
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRequired for business succession only
InterviewRequired upon request of OINP
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permitTemporary work permit; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsSign a Performance Agreement with Ontario
English/French minimum CLB 4
Create at least 2 permanent, full-time jobs for a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI-PNP) - Work Permit Stream

ProgramPrince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI-PNP) - Work Permit Stream
Minimum Net WorthCAD $600,000
Minimum InvestmentN/A
ExperienceManagement experience required
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRecommended
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositCAD $7,500 of $10,000 application fee is refunded if application is declined or withdrawn.
PR/Work permitLetter of support from the province to apply for a work permit;Obtain nomination once all of the terms and conditions of Performance Agreement are met.
Additional Requirements

CLB 4 in English or French; minimum education of secondary school equivalent

21-59 years old

 

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI-PNP) - Partial Ownership

ProgramPrince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI-PNP) - Partial Ownership (terminated)
Minimum Net WorthCAD $600,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $150,000 and own a percentage of equity in an existing business of at least 1/3 ownership OR $1,000,000 investment
ExperienceManagement experience required
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired, must fall within an eligible sector of business set out by the provincial govt
Exploratory VisitRequired
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositCAD $200,000
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining nomination certificate
Additional RequirementsSubmit an investment agreement
Minimum IELTS band score of 4.0 within the last 2 years
Score 50+ points on assessment grid

 

Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI-PNP) — 100% Ownership

ProgramPrince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI-PNP) — 100% Ownership (terminated)
Minimum Net WorthCAD $600,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $150,000
ExperienceManagement experience required
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitNot specified
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositCAD $200,000
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining provincial nomination certificate
Additional RequirementsCLB 4 in English or French
21-59 years old

 

Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) - Entrepreneur Category

ProgramSaskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) - Entrepreneur Category
Minimum Net WorthCAD $500,000
Minimum InvestmentCAD $300,000 in Regina or Saskatoon and at least 33.3% ownership OR $200,000 in any other Saskatchewan community and at least 33.3% ownership OR CAD $1,000,000 investment or more
ExperienceAt least 3 years' experience as an entrepreneur or managing a business in the past 10 years
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRequired for business succession, joint ventures, and regional business opportunities
InterviewUpon request by SINP
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permit2-year work permit; PR contingent upon meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsSign a Performance Agreement
Create 2+ employment opportunities if establishing a business in Regina or Saskatoon

 

Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) - Farm Owner/Operator Category

ProgramSaskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) - Farm Owner/Operator Category
Minimum Net WorthCAD $500,000
Minimum InvestmentN/A
ExperienceFarming operation ownership experience using agricultural practices similar to those used in Saskatchewan-based farming
EOI SystemNo
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanFarm Establishment Plan (FEP) required
Exploratory VisitRequired
InterviewUpon request
Refundable DepositCAD $75,000
PR/Work permitPR after obtaining nomination certificate
Additional RequirementsSubmit a Farm Establishment Plan
Sign a Performance Agreement

Yukon Business Nominee Program (YBNP)

ProgramYukon Business Nominee Program (YBNP)
Minimum Net WorthCAD $500,000 (including CAD $300,000 in liquid assets)
Minimum InvestmentCAD $300,000 and at least 1/3 ownership with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident partner
ExperienceMinimum of 3 years entrepreneurial/business management experience & minimum of 5 years relevant work experience
EOI SystemYes
Managerial RoleRequired
Business PlanRequired
Exploratory VisitRecommended, applicants are awarded points for past visits
InterviewRequired
Refundable DepositNot required
PR/Work permit2-year work permit; PR contingent on meeting program requirements
Additional RequirementsBusiness must be in a strategic sector, as identified by the territory
Must score 65+ points on assessment grid

12. MOVING TO CANADA FROM THE USA

Moving to Canada from the U.S.

There are many ways to immigrate to Canada from the United States or to reside in Canada temporarily, but each pathway requires a plan.

The United States and Canada share a long and storied history. Both of these vast, ambitious nations were, by and large, settled and governed by immigrant communities — and both the U.S. and Canada continue to receive hundreds of thousands of newcomers from around the world on an annual basis.

Every year, thousands of American citizens make the decision to move to Canada. Some are attracted by economic opportunity, others are sponsored by a spouse or partner, while many other Americans come to work or study in Canada on a temporary basis. Indeed, some are enticed by more than one of these factors, or other considerations.

Citizens of the United States let's begin your clear path to Canada.

This comprehensive page covers the full range of immigration and temporary residence options that are open to U.S. citizens wishing to move to Canada. Click on any item in the menus below to go directly to the section that is most relevant to your particular needs. If you have a specific inquiry about moving to Canada from the U.S., please contact us today by completing the contact form. We will be happy to assist you in your Canadian immigration goals.

 Reside in Canada Temporarily

Work in Canada

Much like in the U.S., Canadians enjoy a free market economy, where individuals and enterprises are rewarded for their creativity, innovation and hard work. In addition, Canadian governments, both federal and provincial, are more inclined to intervene in the economy when it is pragmatic to do so. Canada is generally not governed from an ideological standpoint; this allows individuals can reach their potential, while also ensuring that 'boom and bust' cycles are not the norm.

Obtaining a Canadian work visa (referred to as a work permit in Canada) is usually an important step towards working legally in Canada. If you do not have a job offer, our Job Search Tool is key to finding work in your field in any location across Canada. If you do have a job offer from a Canadian employer, congratulations! You and your prospective employer may have to obtain a document called a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before you begin working in Canada. This document serves as proof that your employment in Canada will likely have a neutral or positive effect on the local labour market.

SWAP Working Holidays

SWAP Working Holidays (formerly Student Work Abroad Programs) facilitate international exchanges between young people from different nations. U.S. citizens between the ages of 18 to 30, inclusive, may obtain an open work permit for 12 months under this program, provided that they have been enrolled in full-time post-secondary study at some point in the past twelve months. Final year students not returning to studies are also eligible. After working in Canada for up to a year, U.S. students are permitted to repeat SWAP in Canada once they have completed another academic term in the U.S.

NAFTA

Under the auspices of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), U.S. citizens may be eligible for facilitated processing when applying for a temporary Work Permit in Canada. Work Permits under the provisions of NAFTA do not usually require a LMIA.

U.S. citizens may work in Canada under NAFTA through one of the following categories:

·         NAFTA Professional

A NAFTA Professional must be qualified to work in one of approximately 60 targeted professions, including professions in teaching, science, medicine, finance, law, and many more.

·         NAFTA Intra-Company Transfer

NAFTA Intra-Company transferees from the U.S. may be transferred to Canada on a temporary basis in order to work for a branch, subsidiary, or affiliate of their employer. These individuals must have worked continuously for their U.S. employer for at least one of the last three years and be employed by the company at the time of application in a position that is considered managerial, executive, or involving specialized knowledge.

·         NAFTA Traders and Investors

A NAFTA Trader from the U.S. must demonstrate an intention to carry out substantial trade of goods or services between Canada and the U.S. NAFTA Investor must demonstrate that he or she has made a substantial investment in a new or existing Canadian business and that he or she is seeking entry to Canada to develop and direct the Canadian business. Work permits in the NAFTA Investor category may also be granted to employees of the primary Investor who can be considered essential staff.

Intra-Company Transfer

Because Canada is the United States' largest trading partner, and vice versa, a large number of American businesses have affiliate offices, branches, or subsidiaries in Canada. The Intra-Company Transfer Program allows international businesses to bring key employees to Canada without the requirement to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). Employees who work in executive, managerial, or specialized knowledge roles may be eligible to come to Canada with their family and work as an intra-company transferee.

Work Without a Work Permit

A number of situations may occur when U.S. citizens can perform work in Canada without needing to secure a Temporary Work Permit. This includes individuals who engage in business or trade activities in Canada but will not enter the Canadian labour (labor) market, known collectively as Business Visitors.

Other positions covered by this provision include after sales service workers, athletes, performing artists, media, and military personnel.

Study in Canada

At a time when young Americans are faced with escalating tuition costs, mounting student debt, and higher barriers to entry than before, many of them are noticing that a world-class higher education is available on the same continent, and often for a fraction of the cost. With an exchange rate that benefits U.S. citizens looking to study in Canada, there has never been a better time to consider Canadian universities and colleges for further education. International students in Canada can also work while studying in Canada, allowing them to supplement their income and gain vital work experience.

Furthermore, studying in Canada doesn't just make sense from an educational and economic point of view — it is also a pathway towards developing a professional career and immigrating to Canada permanently.

Permanent Immigration to Canada

Express Entry

A major advantage with the Express Entry immigration selection system is that applications are processed within six months. Through Express Entry, American citizens can go from merely thinking about moving to Canada to living and working here as permanent residents in well under a year. Moreover, American citizens typically have a strong chance of being invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence through Express Entry, thanks to strong language skills, the probability of having obtained skilled work experience, and the higher education that they may have completed earlier in life.

Provincial Nominee Programs

Much like the United States, Canada is sub-divided into different jurisdictions, known as provinces. These provinces are, in some ways, similar to the various states that make up the United States. Unlike states in the U.S., however, Canadian provinces have a significant say in which new immigrants come and settle in the particular provinces. Indeed, over recent years many American legislators and commentators have asked publicly why the U.S. can't emulate the success that Canada has had in decentralizing its economic immigration system. The Provincial Nominee Programs may be a useful starting point for Americans who know which province they wish to move to, as well as others who have specific skill sets and work experience that certain provinces are looking for.

Immigration to Quebec

Quebec is a distinct case within the Canadian landscape. As Canada's only majority French-speaking province, many U.S. citizens may not initially jump at the opportunity to relocate to Quebec, but here are just a few reasons why the province deserves at least a second look:

  • Quebec is home to the metropolis of Montreal, known for its laid-back European-style joie de vivre. Montreal has a large English-speaking population, a relatively low cost of living, and the second-highest per capita student population of any city in North America. The U.S.–Canada border is also just a 45-minute drive from downtown Montreal.
  • For decades, Quebec has more closely modeled itself on the mixed economies and strong welfare states of Northern Europe. Quebec is the land of heavily subsidized day care for children and huge public investment in education, jobs training, and retirement costs, while also retaining a business-friendly environment.
  • The major towns and cities of Quebec are just a few hours' drive from Boston and New York City. The New England region and upstate New York are even closer, and further afield, Washington D.C., Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Buffalo are all within a day's drive.

Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship

A large percentage of American immigrants to Canada arrive after being sponsored by a Canadian spouse or common-law partner. Canada and the U.S., after all, are the best of neighbours (neighbors), and many Americans and Canadians become the best of friends. The current Liberal government of Canada places particular emphasis on what is commonly known as family reunification or family sponsorship, and the spousal/common-law route is one pathway to Canadian immigration under this category. The government is also working on reducing processing times under this immigration category.

Furthermore, Canada recognizes same-sex marriage. Same-sex partners may be eligible to apply to reunite in Canada, provided they meet all eligibility requirements.

Business Immigration to Canada

Through the Business Class immigration programs, Canada aims to attract individuals that have a significant ability to contribute to the Canadian economy. With a diverse market-based economy and workplace values that American business people would recognize, Canada presents an abundance of opportunity for investment and entrepreneurship.

Provincial Business/Entrepreneur Programs

Canadian provinces have a significant say in which economic migrants settle in their jurisdictions, and many of them are looking for energetic and innovative entrepreneurs to help grown their economies. For example,

  • British Columbia has an entrepreneur immigration programfor individuals with a minimum net worth of CAD$600,000 (around USD $454,942, as of September 5, 2018); this program presents unique business opportunities in one of Canada's most beautiful and mild provinces, which also happens to be the province with the highest projected jobs growth over the coming years;
  • The province of Ontario — home to Canada's largest city, Toronto, and Canada's capital, Ottawa — also has an Entrepreneur Streamfor individuals with a minimum net worth of CAD $800,000 to $1,500,000 (around USD $606,715 to $1.13m as of September 5, 2018), as well as a Corporate Stream for established international corporations looking to expand into Ontario or buy an existing business;
  • Manitoba's Business Investor immigration stream consists of the Entrepreneur Pathwayand Farm Investor Pathway. The net worth required under the stream ranges from CAD $150,000 to $300,000 (USD $113,745 to $227,490 as September 5, 2018) depending on the pathway; and

Nova Scotia's Entrepreneur Stream is attracting attention from Americans who wish to grow their portfolios in this stunning East Coast province. Health Care

As most American citizens are aware (and envious of), Canada has a public health care system that makes critical care accessible to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents alike, as well as certain temporary residents. No more anxiety about mounting personal medical costs, no more stress about being covered. When it comes to the administration of health care, the U.S. and Canada are quite different. Though the health care system in Canada is actually a number of sub-systems run by the provincial ministries of health, the federal government sets the standards for health care across the country.

The goal of Canada's federal business immigration programs is to attract investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals from outside Canada with venture capital, business acumen and entrepreneurial skills — attributes that American citizens have in abundance.

  • Immigrant Investor Venture Capital (IIVC) Pilot Program:The IIVC accepts applications from high net worth international investors who possess the necessary skills and abilities to contribute to the Canadian economy and to become well integrated into Canadian society. This program is temporarily closed. 
  • Entrepreneur Start-up Visa Program:This program encourages entrepreneurs to grow their companies in Canada. Successful applicants link with private sector organizations in Canada, where they can receive funding, guidance and expertise in opening and operating their enterprise in Canada.
  • Self-Employed Persons Program:This program seeks to bring people who will become self-employed in Canada. Applicants must have either relevant experience in cultural activities or athletics, or experience in farm management.

·         Quebec Business/Investor Immigration

The province of Quebec presents some interesting business immigration options for American citizens.

  • Quebec Investor Program: This program allows individuals with a net worth of at least CAD $2 million and managerial experience to make a government-secured investment of CAD $1.2 million for a period of five years. 
  • Quebec Entrepreneur Program: To qualify as an entrepreneur, an individual must have a net worth of at least CAD$300,000, have managerial experience in a business that they either owned or controlled, and be willing and able to establish or acquire a business in Quebec which will create at least one incremental job in Quebec.
  • Quebec Self-Employed Person Program: Under this program, self-employed persons must have a net worth of at least CAD$100,000 and must have work experience in the profession or trade that they intend to practice in Quebec.

Other Considerations when Moving to Canada

Tax Consequences

Canada and the U.S. have a well-documented Tax Treaty that, for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital, should make relocating to Canada as smooth a process as possible. While one of the primary differences between the two countries is that Canadian income tax laws are based on residency (while U.S. tax laws are based on citizenship), the Tax Treaty between Canada and U.S.A. has several mechanisms available known as foreign tax credits, to make sure the person does not have to pay duplicate taxes to both countries.

Citizenship

U.S. citizens who immigrate to Canada and spend a few years residing in Canada may eventually choose to become citizens of their adopted homeland. This is a process known as naturalization, and Canada has one of the most liberal and welcoming naturalization processes in the world. According to both U.S. law, individuals can be a citizen of the U.S. and of another country. The same provision exists for Canadians who acquire a second citizenship.

Bringing your family to Canada

Like the U.S., Canada is a nation that places a heavy emphasis on family values. The Government of Canada believes that people are happier, and the economy performs better, when they have their loved ones around them. Consequently, when you decide to immigrate to Canada, you are able to bring your spouse or common-law partner and/or dependent children, if applicable, with you.

Your spouse may be able to join you in Canada on an Open Work Permit, which allows your spouse to work for any employer in Canada without the requirement of a confirmed job offer. Also, if you have any accompanying dependent children, they do not require a study permit to study in any of Canada's educational institutions. If you are in a same-sex relationship, don't worry — for a long time Canada has been a leader in recognizing the inherent rights that same-sex couples have before the law, and this extends to immigration.

If you plan on residing in Canada temporarily on a work or study permit, your spouse or common-law partner, as well as dependent children, if applicable, are in a position to join you in Canada. Moreover, children born in Canada to U.S. citizens enjoy the benefit of having natural-born citizenship of both countries. Who knows, maybe your child will be the next Ted Cruz!

Criminal and Medical Inadmissibility

Many U.S. citizens may not be aware that a prior offence, even one as seemingly minor as a driving violation, may render a person inadmissible to Canada. If you are in any doubt, you will need to know what steps to take before and during your Canadian immigration or temporary resident visa application process in order to be permitted to enter Canada. Some examples of convictions that could make you inadmissible to Canada include: DUI, DWAI, theft, petty theft/larceny, assault, drunk & disorderly conduct, obstruction of justice, and possession of marijuana, cocaine or other controlled substances/drugs. This list is by no means exhaustive.

A Canadian immigration applicant may be refused entry to Canada on health grounds if their condition is likely to be a danger to public health or safety or might cause excessive demand on Canada health or social services. The excessive demand component of medical refusals is waived in family sponsorship cases that pertain to spousal/common-law partner and dependent children sponsorship. 

If you or your family member have been found to be criminally or medically inadmissible to Canada, or think you may be inadmissible, it is important to know that you still have options.

Settlement in Canada

Once you have prepared the proper immigration forms and are prepared to move to Canada, what will you face when you arrive? How and where will you settle in Canada? Which factors should be taken into account? Are you arriving with a partner and/or young children? Will you enter the property market? If so, how can you go about doing so? All these questions, and more, will be answered by our professionals.

Contact Us

Please complete the form below and let us know about your plans to immigrate to or reside in Canada. Alternatively, feel free to call our office on 09090851112 for more information.

13. MOVING TO CANADA FROM THE U.K.

Canadian immigration options for U.K. Citizens and Residents

Moving to Canada from the United Kingdom is an easy transition given the many ties that bind the two countries.

Our shared language gives U.K. residents an important advantage when it comes to immigration to Canada. Federal Skilled Worker immigration programs and many Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) streams generously reward advanced English language abilities.

Other Canadian immigration programs seek out U.K. citizens in specific professions, such as Nova Scotia’s Physician Stream and British Columbia’s Health Care Professional Category.

Canada also has a variety of work and study options that may be available to U.K. residents interested in temporary pathways to Canada, before they commit to pursuing permanent residence.

Find out your options for immigration to Canada by completing our free online assessment.